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Home >> Checklists >> Uttaranchal >> Corbett



Compiled by
Manoj Sharma, Bill Harvey, Nikhil Devasar and Bikram Grewal
Updated May 2004


The Park

Set up in 1936, as the first national park of India, Corbett National Park was initially named Hailey National Park. It was due to the sustained efforts of Malcolm Hailey, Governor of United Provinces, that this area was given the status of a national park, with an area was 323.75 sq. km. In 1954-55, its name was changed to Ramganga National Park. When Hailey had to demarcate the boundaries of the park, he had taken Jim Corbett’s help, who knew the area very well and happened to be a close friend of Hailey. Jim Corbett, who had killed twelve man-eating tigers and leopards in the hill districts of Kumaon and Garhwal was well known to the local people of the area. He migrated to Kenya at the time of Indian independence where died in 1955 and in his memory, the park was renamed the Corbett National Park. In 1966 the area of the Park was increased to 520.82 sq. km. In 1972, the Wildlife Protection Act came into force and all hunting was banned. In 1974 Project Tiger was launched from Corbett, aiming at protecting the tiger by protecting its habitat. Corbett became the first Tiger Reserve in India. In late eighties the area of the Tiger Reserve was further increased to include Corbett National Park, Sonanadi Sanctuary and surrounding reserve forest. It became known as the Corbett Tiger Reserve from this point.

Corbett Tiger Reserve is a birder’s heaven. Out of the approximate 1300 species of birds found in the Indian subcontinent more than 40% have been recorded in Corbett Tiger Reserve. Situated in the foothills of Himalayas in the Siwalik ranges, between 400 and 1200 m above sea level, in the newly formed state of Uttaranchal, Corbett Tiger Reserve attracts altitudinal migrant birds in winter. Long distance migrants from central and northern Asia also spend their winters here. Many passage migrant species use Corbett’s protected habitat en route to and from their wintering and summering quarters in peninsular India and Sri Lanka. In the summer, Corbett also attracts bird species from the Gangetic plains and peninsular India, which come to breed.

The flora of Corbett Tiger Reserve consists mainly of Shorea robusta (Sal) forest dotted with patches of mixed forest and grass-lands. Mixed forests of Corbett supports more than 100 species of trees including Adina cordifolia (Haldu), Aegle marmelos (Bel), Albizia procera (Safed Siras), Casearia elliptica (Dhak), Diospyros exsculpta (Tendu), Ficus bengalensis (Bargad), Mallotus phillipensis (Rohini), Schliechera oleosa (Kusum), Terminalia bellerica (Bahera) and Ziziphus glaberima (Ber). The river Ramganga, which is the lifeline of Corbett, supports the vast riverine forests of Dalbergia sisso (Shishum). More than 50 species of shrubs are found in Corbett including Abutilon indicum (Khanghi), Achyranthes aspera (Latjira), Cannabis sativa (Bhang), Dhatura metel (Dhatura), Glycosmis arborea (Ban nimbu) and Urtica parviflora (Bichu). The habitat also supports more than 100 species of terrestrial herbs, 15 species of aquatic herbs, more than 35 species of climbers and 20 species of ferns. The Chaurs, as the grasslands of Corbett are known locally, support more than 50 species of grasses.

This checklist of birds of Corbett is an update of that produced by Bikram Grewal and Bittu Sahgal in 1996 and that of Manoj Sharma produced in 2002. Older checklists, trip reports and sightings reported to various birding groups and publications have also been included if the sightings were considered valid. The checklist is based on the sightings in Corbett Tiger Reserve, the adjoining Tu marian Dam area adjoining the southern boundary of the reserve and Kosi river valley along the eastern boundary of the reserve from Kumeria to Ramnagar. Tax onomy, sequence and nomenclature follow An Annotated Checklist of the Birds of the Oriental Region by Tim Inskipp, Nigel Lindsey and William Duckworth (1996). Families have been given in bold letters and scientific names have been given in italics.

Mammals seen include the Tiger Panthera tigris, Leopard Panthera pardus, Elephant Elephas maximus, Chital Axis axis, Sambar Cervus unicolor, Hog Deer Axis porcinus, Barking Deer Muntiacus muntjak, Wild Boar Sus scrofa, Langur Presbytis entellus and Rhesus Monkey Macaca mulatta; reptiles include Indian Marsh Crocodile or Mugger Crocodilus palustris, Gharial Gavialis gangeticus, King Cobra Naja bungarus, Common Krait Bungarus caoruleus, Cobra Naja naja, Russell”s Viper Vipera ruselli and Python Python molorus and Monitor Lizard Varanus bengalensis.

Fish are represented by the Mahaseer Barbus tor, Kalimuchi Barbus chilinoides, Kalabasu Labeo calabasu, Chilwa Oxygastro bacaila and Goonch Bargarius bargarius. Useful Information: Daytime visitors are only permitted to travel in the Bijrani sector and day permits are issued at the Ramnagar office. Jeeps and guides can be hired at the Amdanda Gate, which is the entry point for day visits. Overnight visitors to Corbett require an entry permit as well as reserved accommodation in one of the forest rest houses or the tourist complex at Dhikala. Advance reservations are available from the Field Director, Corbett National Park, Ramnagar (Dist. Nainital) 244715, Uttaranchal.

When to visit:

The park is open from mid-November to mid-June. The months from March to June get very hot, but are considered the best time to view the animals as they come down more frequently to the water to drink. The dry undergrowth, at this time, helps in better visibility.

Where to stay:

Basic accommodation is available at Ramnagar town. Various resorts have been built along the Kosi River on the road from Ramnager. These range from being medium-priced to very expensive. The Forest Dept. has accommodation at several rest houses in the reserve such as those at Khinnauli, Bijrani, Gairal, Lohachaur, Halduparao and Sarapduli. There are also a variety of accommo-dations available at Dhikala, which is where most people stay. Visitors are advised that catering facilities are available only at Bijrani, Gairal and Dhikala.

Getting there:

By rail: The closest station is at Ramnager, 21 kms distant. Ranikhet Express, which leaves the Old Delhi Railway Station late at night, is convenient, as it reaches Ramnagar early next morning. By road: Access to the park is from Ramnagar. The Dhangari Gate closes at 4.30 p.m. It is also feasible to drive down from New Delhi. The 300-km drive takes six hours. Ramnagar is also well
connected by several buses.

Phasianidae: Francolins, Quails, Partridges and Pheasants

Black Francolin Francolinus francolinus
Grey Francolin Francolinus pondicerianus
Common Quail Coturnix coturnix
Rain Quail Coturnix coromandelica
Blue-breasted Quail Coturnix chinensis
Jungle Bush Quail Perdicula asiatica
Rock Bush Quail Perdicula argoondah
Hill Partridge Arborophila torqueola
Red Junglefowl Gallus gallus
Kalij Pheasant Lophura leucomelanos
Indian Peafowl Pavo cristatus

Dendrocygnidae: Whistling-ducks

Lesser Whistling-Duck Dendocygna javanica

Anatidae: Geese and Ducks
Greylag Goose Anser anser
Bar-headed Goose Anser Indicus
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna
Comb Duck Sarkidiornis melanotos
Cotton Pygmy-goose Nettapus coromandelianus
Gadwall Anas strepera
Eurasian Wigeon Anas Penelope
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Common Teal Anas crecca
Red-crested Pochard Rhodonessa rufina
Common Pochard Aythya ferina
Ferruginous Pochard Aythya nyroca
Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula
Common Merganser Mergus merganser

Turnicidae: Buttonquails

Small Buttonquail Turnix sylvatica
Yellow-legged Buttonquail Turnix tanki
Barred Buttonquail Turnix suscitator

Picidae: Woodpeckers

Eurasian Wryneck Jynx torquilla
Speckled Piculet Picumnus innominatus
Brown-capped Pygmy Woodpecker Dendrocopos nanus
Grey-capped Pygmy Woodpecker Dendrocopos canicapillus
Brown-fronted Woodpecker Dendrocopos auriceps
Fulvous-breasted Woodpecker Dendrocopos macei
Yellow-crowned Woodpecker Dendrocopus mahrattensis
Rufous Woodpecker Celeus brachyurus
Lesser Yellownape Picus chlorolophus
Greater Yellownape Picus flavinucha
Streak-throated Woodpecker Picus xanthopygaeus
Scaly-bellied Woodpecker Picus squamatus
Grey-headed Woodpecker Picus canus
Himalayan Flameback Dinopium shorii
Black-rumped Flameback Dinopium benghalense
Greater Flameback Chrysocolaptes lucidus
White-naped Woodpecker Chrysocolaptes festivus
Great Slaty Woodpecker Mulleripicos pulverulentus

Megalaimidae: Barbets

Great Barbet Megalaima virens
Brown-headed Barbet Megalaima zeylanica
Lineated Barbet Megalaima lineata
Blue-throated Barbet Megalaima asiatica
Coppersmith Barbet Megalaima haemacephala

Bucerotidae: Hornbills

Indian Grey Hornbill Ocyceros birostris
Great Hornbill Buceros bicornis
Oriental Pied Hornbill Anthracoceros albirostris

Upupidae: Hoopoe

Common Hoopoe Upupa epops

Coraciidae: Rollers

Indian Roller Coracias benghalensis
Dollarbird Eurystomus orientalis

Alcedinidae: Small Kingfishers

Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis

Halcyonidae: Large Kingfishers

Stork-billed Kingfisher Halcyon capensis
White-throated Kingfisher Halcyon smyrnensis

Cerylidae: Pied Kingfishers

Crested Kingfisher Megaceryle lugubris
Pied Kingfisher Ceryle rudis

Meropidae: Bee-eaters

Blue-bearded Bee-eater Nyctyornis athertoni
Green Bee-eater Merops orientalis
Blue-tailed Bee-eater Merops philippinus
Chestnut-headed Bee-eater Merops leschenaulti

Cuculidae: Cuckoos

Pied Cuckoo Clamator jacobinus
Chestnut-winged Cuckoo Clamator coromandus
Large Hawk Cuckoo Hierococcyx sparverioides
Common Hawk Cuckoo Hierococcyx varius
Indian Cuckoo Cuculus micropterus
Eurasian Cuckoo Cuculus canorus
Oriental Cuckoo Cuculus saturatus
Banded Bay Cuckoo Cacomantis sonneratii
Grey-bellied Cuckoo Cacomantis passerinus
Drongo Cuckoo Surniculus lugubris
Asian Koel Eudynamys scolopacea
Green-billed Malkoha Phaenicophaeus tristis
Sirkeer Malkoha Phaenicophaeus leschenaultii

Centropodidae: Coucals

Greater Coucal Centropus sinensis
Lesser Coucal Centropus benghalensis

Psittacidae: Parakeets

Alexandrine Parakeet Psittacula eupatria
Rose-ringed Parakeet Psittacula krameri
Slaty-headed Parakeet Psittacula himalayana
Plum-headed Parakeet Psittacula cyanocephala
Red-breasted Parakeet Psittacula alexandri

Apodidae: Swifts

Himalayan Swiftlet Collocalia brevirostris
White-rumped Needletail Zoonavena sylvatica
Silver-backed Needletail Hirundapus cochinchinensis
Asian Palm Swift Cypsiurus balasiensis
Alpine Swift Tachymarptis melba
Common Swift Apus apus
Fork-tailed Swift Apus pacificus R
House Swift Apus affinis

Hemiprocnidae: Treeswifts

Crested Treeswift Hemiprocne coronata

Tytonidae: Barn Owl and Grass Owl

Barn Owl Tyto alba
Grass Owl Tyto capensis

Strigidae: Owls

Mountain Scops Owl Otus spilocephalus
Oriental Scops Owl Otus sunia
Collared Scops Owl Otus bakkamoena
Eurasian Eagle Owl Bubo bubo
Spot-bellied Eagle Owl Bubo nipalensis
Brown Fish Owl Ketupa zeylonensis
Tawny Fish Owl Ketupa flavipes
Brown Wood Owl Strix leptogrammica
Collared Owlet Glaucidium brodiei
Asian Barred Owlet Glaucidium cuculoides
Jungle Owlet Glaucidium radiatum
Spotted Owlet Athene brama
Brown Hawk Owl Ninox scutulata
Long-eared Owl Asio otus
Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus

Caprimaugidae: Nightjars

Grey Nightjar Caprimulgus indicus
Large-tailed Nightjar Caprimulgus macrurus
Indian Nightjar Caprimulgus asiaticus
Savanna Nightjar Caprimulgus affinis

Columbidae: Pigeons and Doves

Rock Pigeon Columba livia
Hill Pigeon Columba rupestris
Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis
Laughing Dove Streptopelia senegalensis
Spotted Dove Streptopelia chinensis
Red Collared Dove Streptopelia tranquebarica
Eurasian Collared Dove Streptopelia decaocto
Emerald Dove Chalcophaps indica
Orange-breasted Green Pigeon Treron bicincta
Yellow-footed Green Pigeon Treron phoenicoptera
Pin-tailed Green Pigeon Treron apicauda
Wedge-tailed Green Pigeon Treron sphenura

Gruidae: Cranes

Sarus Crane Grus antigone
Demoiselle Crane Grus virgo
Common Crane Grus grus

Rallidae: Rails

Water Rail Rallus aquaticus
Brown Crake Amaurornis akool
White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus
Ruddy-breasted Crake Porzana fusca
Purple Swamphen Porphyrio porphyrio
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Common Coot Fulica atra

Scolopacidae: Snipe and Sandpipers

Eurasian Woodcock Scolopax rusticola
Wood Snipe Gallinago nemoricola
Pintail Snipe Gallinago stenura
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago
Jack Snipe Lymnocryptes minimus
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata
Common Redshank Tringa totanus
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Little Stint Calidris minuta
Temminck’s Stint Calidris temminckii
Long-toed Stint Calidris subminuta
Dunlin Calidris alpina

Rostratulida: Painted-snipe

Greater Painted-snipe Rostratula bengalensis

Jacanidae: Jacanas

Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus
Bronze-winged Jacana Metopidius indicus

Burhinidae: Thick-knees

Eurasian Thick-knee Burhinus oedicnemus
Great Thick-knee Esacus recurvirostris

Charadriidae: Plovers and stilts

Ibisbill Ibidorhyncha struthersii
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta
Long-billed Plover Charadrius placidus
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus
Lesser Sand Plover Charadrius mongolus
Great Sand Plover Charadrius leschenaultii
Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus
Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malarbaricus
River Lapwing Vanellus duvaucelii
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Sociable Plover Vanellus gregarius R
White-tailed Lapwing Vanellus leucurus
Small Pratincole Glareola lacteal

Laridae: Gulls and Terns

Yellow-legged Gull Larus cachinnans
Pallas’s Gull Larus ichthyaetus
Brown-headed Gull Larus brunnicephalus
Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus
Gull-billed Tern Gelochelidon nilotica
River Tern Sterna aurantia
Black-bellied Tern Sterna acuticauda
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybridus

Accipitridae: Hawks and Eagles

Osprey Pandion haliaetus
Black Baza Aviceda leuphotes
Oriental Honey-Buzzard Pernis ptilorhyncus
Black-shouldered Kite Elanus caeruleus
Black Kite Milvus migrans
Brahminy Kite Haliastur Indus
Pallas’s Fish Eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus
White-tailed Eagle Haliaeetus albicilla
Lesser Fish Eagle Ichthyophaga humilis
Grey-headed Fish Eagle Ichthyophaga ichthyaetus
Lammergeier Gypaetus barbatus
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis
Slender-billed Vulture Gyps tenuirostris
Himalayan Griffon Gyps himalayensis
Eurasian Griffon Gyps fulvus
Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus
Red-headed Vulture Sarcogyps calvus
Short-toed Snake Eagle Circaetus gallicus
Crested Serpent Eagle Spilornis cheela
Eurasian Marsh Harrier Circus aeruginosus
Pied Harrier Circus melanoleucos
Hen Harrier Circus cyaneus
Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus
Crested Goshawk Accipiter trivirgatus
Shikra Accipiter badius
Besra Accipiter virgatus
Eurasian Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus
Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis
White-eyed Buzzard Butastur teesa
Common Buzzard Buteo buteo
Long-legged Buzzard Buteo rufinus
Black Eagle Ictinaetus malayensis
Indian Spotted Eagle Aquila hastata
Greater Spotted Eagle Aquila clanga
Tawny Eagle Aquila rapax
Steppe Eagle Aquila nipalensis
Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca
Bonelli’s Eagle Hieraaetus fasciatus
Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus
Rufous-bellied Eagle Hieraaetus kienerii
Changeable Hawk Eagle Spizaetus cirrhatus
Mountain Hawk Eagle Spizaetus nipalensis

Falconidae: Falcons

Collared Falconet Microhierax caerulescens
Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus
Red-necked Falcon Falco chicquera
Amur Falcon Falco amurensis
Oriental Hobby Falco severus
Laggar Falcon Falco jugger
Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus

Podicipedidae: Grebes

Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus
Horned Grebe Podiceps auritus

Anhingidae: Anhinga

Darter Anhinga melanogaster

Phalacrocoracidae: Cormorants

Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Indian Cormorant Phalacrocorax fuscicollis
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo

Ardeidae: Herons and Bitterns

Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Western Reef Egret Egretta gularis
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Great Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Little Heron Butorides striatus
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
Little Bittern Ixobrychus minutus
Yellow Bittern Ixobrychus sinensis
Cinnamon Bittern Ixobrychus cinnamomeus

Phoenicopteridae: Flamingos

Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus ruber

Threskiornithidae: Ibises

Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus
Black-headed Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
Black Ibis Pseudibis papillosa
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia

Pelecanidae: Pelicans

Great White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus
Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippennsis

Ciconiidae: Storks

Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala
Asian Openbill Anastonus oscitans
Black Stork Ciconia nigra
Woolly-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus
White Stork Ciconia ciconia
Black-necked Stork Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus
Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus

Pittidae: Pittas

Indian Pitta Pitta brachyura

Eurylaimidae: Broadbills

Long-tailed Broadbill Psarisomus dalhousiae

Irenidae: Leafbirds

Golden-fronted Leafbird Chloropsis aurifrons
Orange-bellied Leafbird Chloropsis hardwickii

Laniidae: Shrikes

Rofous-tailed Shrike Lanius isabellinus
Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus
Bay-backed Shrike Lanius vittatus
Long-tailed Shrike Lanius schach
Grey-backed Shrike Lanius tephronotus
Southern Grey Shrike Lanius meridionalis

Corvidae: Crows and allies

Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius
Black-headed Jay Garrulus lanceolatus
Red-billed Blue Magpie Urocissa erythrorhyncha
Common Green Magpie Cissa chinensis
Rufous Treepie Dendrocitta vegabunda
Grey Treepie Dendrocitta formosae
House Crow Corvus splendens
Large-billed Crow Corvus macrorhynchos
Ashy Woodswallow Artamus fuscus
Eurasian Golden Oriole Oriolus oriolus
Black-hooded Oriole Oriolus xanthornus
Maroon Oriole Oriolus traillii
Large Cuckooshrike Carocina macei
Black-winged Cuckooshrike Carocina melaschistos
Black-headed Cukooshrike Carocina melenoptera
Rosy Minivet Pericrocotus roseus
Small Minivet Pericrocotus cinnamomeus
Long-tailed Minivet Pericrocotus ethologus
Short-billed Minivet Pericrocotus brevirostris
Scarlet Minivet Pericrocotus flammeus
Bar-winged Flycatcher-Shrike Hemipus picatus
Yellow-bellied Fantail Rhipidura hypoxantha
White-throated Fantail Rhipidura albicollis
White-browed Fantail Rhipidura aureola
Black Drongo Dicrurus macrocercus
Ashy Drongo Dicrurus leucophaeus
White-bellied Drongo Dicrurus caerulescens
Bronzed Drongo Dicrurus aeneus
Lesser Racket-tailed Drongo Dicrurus remifer
Spangled Drongo Dicrurus hottentottus
Greater Racket-tailed Drongo Dicrurus paradiseus
Black-naped Monarch Hypothymis azurea
Asian Paradise-flycatcher Terpsiphone paradisi
Common Iora Aegithina tiphia
Large Woodshrike Tephrodornis gularis
Common Woodshrike Tephrodornis pondicerianus

Cinclidae: Dippers

Brown Dipper Cinclus pallasii

Muscicapidae: Thrushes and Flycatchers

Blue-capped Rock Thrush Monticola cinclorhynchus
Chestnut-bellied Rock Thrush Monticola rufiventris
Blue Rock Thrush Monticola solitarius
Blue Whistling Thrush Myophonus caeruleus
Orange-headed Thrush Zoothera citrina
Long-tailed Thrush Zoothera dixoni
Scaly Thrush Zoothera dauma
Long-billed Thrush Zoothera monticola
Tickell’s Thrush Tur dus unicolor
White-collared Blackbird Tur dus albocintus
Grey-winged Blackbird Tur dus boulboul
Red-throated Thrush Tur dus ruficollis R
Black-throated Thrush Tur dus atrogularis
Dark-sided Flycatcher Muscicapa sibirica
Asian Brown Flycatcher Muscicapa dauurica
Rusty-tailed Flycatcher Muscicapa ruficauda
Slaty-backed Flycatcher Ficedula hodgsonii
Rufous-gorgeted Flycatcher Ficedula strophiata
Red-throated Flycatcher Ficedula albicilla
Red-breasted Flycatcher Ficedula parva
Snowy-browed Flycatcher Ficedula hyperythra
Little Pied Flycatcher Ficedula westermanni
Ultramarine Flycatcher Ficedula superciliaris
Slaty Blue Flycatcher Ficedula tricolor
Verditer Flycatcher Eumyias thalassina
Small Niltava Niltava macgrigoriae
Rufous-bellied Niltava Niltava sundara
Pale-chinned Flycatcher Cyornis poliogenys
Blue-throated Flycatcher Cyornis rubeculoides
Tickell’s Blue Flycatcher Cyornis tickelliae
Grey-headed Canary Flycatcher Culicicapa ceylunelnis
Siberian Rubythroat Luscinia calliope
White-tailed Rubythroat Luscinia pectoralis
Bluethroat Luscinia svecica
Indian Blue Robin Luscinia brunnei
Orange-flanked Bush Robin Tarsiger cyanurus
Golden Bush Robin Tarsiger chrysaeus
Oriental Magpie Robin Copsychus saularis
White-rumped Shama Copsychus malabaricus
Indian Robin Saxicoloides fulicata
Rufous-backed Redstart Phoenicurus erythronota
Blue-capped Redstart Phoenicurus coeruleocephalus
Black Redstart Phoenicurus ochruros
Hodgson’s Redstart Phoenicurus hodgsoni
Blue-fronted Redstart Phoenicurus frontalis
White-capped Water Redstart Chaimarrornis leucocephalus
Plumbeous Water Redstart Rhyacornis fuliginosus
White-bellied Redstart Hodgsonius phoenicuroides
Little Forktail Enicurus scouleri
Black-backed Forktail Enicurus immaculatus
Slaty-backed Forktail Enicurus schistaceus
Spotted Forktail Enicurus maculates
Purple Cochoa Cochoa purpurea
Hodgson’s Bushchat Saxicola insignis
Common Stonechat Saxicola torquata
White-tailed Stonechat Saxicola leucura
Pied Bushchat Saxicola caprata
Grey Bushchat Saxicola ferrea
Variable Wheatear Oenanthe picata
Desert Wheatear Oenanthe deserti
Isabelline Wheatear Oenanthe isabellina
Brown Rock-chat Cercomela fusca

Sturnidae: Starlings

Spot-winged Starling Saroglossa spiloptera
Chestnut-tailed Starling Sturnus malabaricus
Brahminy Starling Sturnus pagodarum
Common Starling Sturnus vulgaris
Asian Pied Starling Sturnus contra
Common Myna Acridotheres tristis
Bank Myna Acridotheres ginginianus
Jungle Myna Acridotheres fuscus
Northern Hill Myna Gracula religiosa

Sittidae: Nuthatches

Chestnut-bellied Nuthatch Sitta castanea
White-tailed Nuthatch Sitta himalayensis
Velvet-fronted Nuthatch Sitta frontalis
Wallcreeper Tichodroma muraria

Certhiidae: Treecreepers and Wrens

Bar-tailed Treecreeper Certhia himalayana
Winter Wren Troglodytes troglodytes

Paridae: Tits

Fire-capped Tit Cephalopyrus flammiceps
Rufous-naped Tit Parus rufonuchalis
Spot-winged Tit Parus melanolophus
Great Tit Parus major
Green-backed Tit Parus monticolus
Black-lored Tit Parus xanthogenys

Aegithalidae: Long-Tailed Tits

Black-throated Tit Aegithalos concinnus

Hirundinidae: Swallows

Sand Martin Riparia riparia
Plain Martin Riparia paludicola
Eurasian Crag Martin Hirundo rupestris
Dusky Crag Martin Hirundo concolor
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica
Wire-tailed Swallow Hirundo smithii
Red-rumped Swallow Hirundo daurica
Streak-throated Swallow Hirundo fulvicola
Northern House Martin Delichon urbica R
Asian House Martin Delichon dasypus
Nepal House Martin Delichon nipalensis

Regulidae: Crests

Goldcrest Regulus regulus

Pycnonotidae: Bulbuls

Black-crested Bulbul Pycnonotus melanicterus
Red-whiskered Bulbul Pycnonotus jocosus
Himalayan Bulbul Pycnonotus leucogenys
Red-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus cafer
Ashy Bulbul Hemixos flavala
Mountain Bulbul Hypsipetes mcclellandii
Black Bulbul Hypsipetes leucocephalus

Cisticolidae: Cisticolas and Prinias

Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis
Bright-headed Cisticola Cisticola exilis
Striated Prinia Prinia criniger
Grey-crowned Prinia Prinia cinereocapilla
Rufous-fronted Prinia Prinia buchanani
Grey-breasted Prinia Prinia hodgsonii
Jungle Prinia Prinia sylvatica
Yellow-bellied Prinia Prinia flaviventris
Ashy Prinia Prinia socialis
Plain Prinia Prinia inornata

Zosterropidae: White-eyes

Oriental White-eye Zosterops palpebrosus

Sylviidae: Warblers and Babblers

Chestnut-headed Tesia Tesia castaneocoronata
Grey-bellied Tesia Tesia cyaniventer
Pale-footed Bush Warbler Cettia pallidipes
Brownish-flanked Bush Warbler Cettia fortipes
Chestnut-crowned Bush Warbler Cettia major
Aberrant Bush Warbler Cettia flavolivacea
Grey-sided Bush Warbler Cettia brunnifrons
Moustached Warbler Acrocephalus melanopogon
Blyth’s Reed Warbler Acrocephalus dumetorum
Common Tailorbird Orthotomus sutorius
Common Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita
Plain Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus neglectus
Dusky Warbler Phylloscopus fuscatus
Smoky Warbler Phylloscopus fuligiventer
Tickell’s Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus affinis
Sulpher-bellied Warbler Phylloscopus griseolus
Buff-barred Warbler Phylloscopus pulcher
Ashy-throated warbler Phylloscopus maculipennis
Lemon-rumped Warbler Phylloscopus chloronotus
Hume’s Warbler Phylloscopus humei
Greenish Warbler Phylloscopus trochiloides
Tytler’s Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus tytleri
Western Crowned Warbler Phylloscopus occipitalis
Blyth’s Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus reguloides
Whistler’s Warbler Seicecrus whistleri
Golden-spectacled Warbler Seicecrus burkii
Grey-hooded Warbler Seicercus xanthoschistos
Straited Grassbird Megalurus palustris
White-throated Laughingthrush Garrulax albogularis
White-crested Laughingthrush Garrulax leucolophus
Striated Laughingthrush Garrulax straitus
Rufous-chinned Laughingthrush Garrulax rufogularis
Streaked Laughingthrush Garrulax lineatus
Variegated Laughingthrush Garrulax variegatus
Chestnut-crowned Laughingthrush Garrulux erythrocephalus
Puff-throated Babbler Pellorneum ruficeps
Rusty-cheeked Scimitar Babbler Pomatorhinus erythrogenys
White-browed Scimitar Babbler Pomatorhinus schisticeps
Streak-breasted Scimitar Babbler Pomatorhinus ruficollis
Scaly-breasted Wren Babbler Pnoepyga albiventer
Nepal Wren Babbler Pnoepyga immaculata
Black-chinned Babbler Stachyris phrrhops
Tawny-bellied Babbler Dumetia hyperythra
Chestnut-capped Babbler Timalia pileata
Yellow-eyed Babbler Chrysomma sinense
Common Babbler Tur doides caudatus
Large Grey Babbler Tur doides malcolmi
Jungle Babbler Tur doides striatus
Silver-eared Mesia Leiothrix argentauris
Red-billed Leiothrix Leiothrix lutea
White-browed Shrike Babbler Pteruthius flaviscapis
Green Shrike Babbler Pteruthius xanthochlorus
Blue-winged Minla Minla cyanouroptera
Rufous Sibia Heterophasia capistrata
Whiskered Yuhina Yuhina flavicollis
Stripe-throated Yuhina Yuhina gularis
Black-chinned Yuhina Yuhina nigrimenta
White-bellied Yuhina Yuhina zantholeuca
Lesser Whitethroat Sylvia curruca
Orphean Warbler Sylvia hortensis

Alaudidae: Larks

Indian Bushlark Mirafra erythroptera
Rufous-winged Bushlark Mirafra assamica
Ashy-crowned Sparrowlark Eremopterix grisea
Greater Short-toed Lark Calandrella brachydactyla
Sand Lark Calandrella raytal
Crested Lark Galerida cristata
Eurasian Skylark Alauda arvensis
Oriental Skylark Alauda gulgula

Nectariniidae: Flowerpeckers and Sunbirds

Thick-billed Flowerpecker Dicaeum agile
Pale-billed Flowerpecker Dicaeum erythrorynchos
Fire-breasted Flowerpecker Dicaeum ignipectus
Purple Sunbird Nectarinia asiatica
Green-tailed Sunbird Aethopyga nipalensis
Black-throated Sunbird Aethopyga saturata
Crimson Sunbird Aethopyga siparaja
Fire-tailed Sunbird Aethopyga ignicauda

Passeridae: Sparrows, Pipits, Wagtails and allies

House Sparrow Passer domesticus
Russet Sparrow Passer rutilans
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus
Chestnut-shouldered Petronia Petronia xanthocollis
Forest Wagtail Dendronanthus indicus
White Wagtail Motacilla alba
White-browed Wagtail Motacilla maderaspatensis
Citrine Wagtail Motacilla citreola
Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea
Paddyfield Pipit Anthus rufulus
Tawny Pipit Anthus campestris
Long-billed Pipit Anthus similis
Tree Pipit Anthus trivialis
Olive-backed Pipit Anthus hodgsoni
Red-throated Pipit Anthus cervinus
Rosy Pipit Anthus roseatus
Water Pipit Anthus spinoletta
Rufous-breasted Accentor Prunella strophiata
Black-throated Accentor Prunella atrogularis
Black-breasted Weaver Ploceus benghalensis
Streaked Weaver Ploceus manya
Baya Weaver Ploceus philippinus
Finn’s Weaver Ploceus megarhynchus
Red Avadavat Amandava amandava
Indian Silverbill Lonchura malabarica
White-rumped Munia Lonchura striata
Scaly-breasted Munia Lonchura punctulata
Black-headed Munia Lonchura mallaca

Fringillidae: Finches and Buntings

Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs
Fire-fronted Serin Serinus pusillus
Yellow-breasted Greenfinch Carduelis spinoides
European Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis
Common Rosefinch Carpodacus erythrinus
Crested Bunting Melophus lathami
Pine Bunting Emberiza leucocephalos
Rock Bunting Emberiza cia
White-capped Bunting Emberiza stewarti
Chestnut-eared Bunting Emberiza fucata
Little Bunting Emberiza pusilla
Chestnut Bunting Embreriza rutila
Black-faced Bunting Emberizia spodocephala
Red-headed Bunting Emberiza bruniceps
Corn Bunting Miliaria calandra


B. Grewal, B. Harvey and O. Pfister: A Photographic Guide to the

Birds of India, Periplus 2003

B. Grewal: A Photographic Guide to Birds of the Himalayas,
New Holland 1998.

R. Grimmett, C. Inskipp and T. Inskipp: Birds of the Indian
Subcontinent, Helm 1998

R. Grimmett, C. Inskipp and T. Inskipp: Pocket Guide to the Birds of the
Indian Subcontinent. O.U.P. 2001

K. Kazmierczak: A Field Guide to the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent,
O.U.P. 2000

K. Kazmierczak and R. Singh: A Birdwatchers’ Guide to India, Prion 1998