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Home >> Checklists >> Gujarat >> Gir
 

Gir

 
A Checklist of the Birds of Gir National Park, Gujarat
by Toby Sinclair. November 2003
 

ORDER: GALLIFORMES

Family: Phasianidae

Painted Francolin (Painted Partridge) Francolinus pictus
Grey Francolin (Grey Partridge) Francolinus pondicerianus
Common Quail Coturnix coturnix
Rain Quail (Black-breasted Quail) Coturnix coromandelica
Jungle Bush Quail Perdicula asiatica
Rock Bush Quail Perdicula argoondah
Indian Peafowl Pavo cristatus
(Common Peafowl, Blue Peafowl)

ORDER: ANSERIFORMES

Family: Dendrocygndiae

Lesser Whistling-duck Dendrocygna javanica
(Lesser Whistling-teal, Lesser Treeduck)

Family: Anatidae

Anserini

Ruddy Shelduck (Ruddy Sheldrake) Tadorna ferruginea
Comb Duck Sarkidiornis melanotos

Anatini

Mallard Anas platyrhynchos
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
(Spotbil Duck , Spotbill)
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
(Shoveller)
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
(Common Pintail, Pintail)
Common Teal Anas crecca
Red-crested Pochard Rhodonessa rufina
Ferruginous Pochard Aythya nyroca
(Ferruginous Duck, White-eyed Pochard)

ORDER: TURNICIFORMES

Family: Turnicidae

Small Buttonquail Turnix sylvatica
(Little Bustardquail, Little buttonquail)
Yellow-legged Buttonquail Turnix tanki
(Button Quail)

ORDER: PICIFORMES


Family: Picidae

Eurasian Wryneck (Wryneck) Jynx torquilla
Brown-capped Pygmy Woodpecker Dendrocopos nanus
(Brown-crowned Pigmy Woodpecker)
Yellow-crowned Woodpecker Dendrocopos mahrattensis
(Yellow-fronted Pied Woodpecker)
Black-rumped Flameback Dinopium benghalense
(Lesser Golden-backed Woodpecker)

Family: Megalaimidae

Coppersmith Barbet Megalaima haemacephala
(Crimson-breasted Barbet)

ORDER: BUCEROTIFORMES

Family: Bucerotidae

Indian Grey Hornbill Ocyceros birostris
(Common Grey Hornbill, Gray Hornbill)

ORDER: UPUPIFORMES

Family: Upupidae

Common Hoopoe (Hoopoe) Upupa epops

ORDER: CORACIIFORMES

Family: Coraciidae

European Roller Coracias garrulus
Indian Roller Coracias benghalensis

Family: Alcedinidae

Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis
(Small Blue Kingfisher, Eurasian Kingfisher)

Family: Halcyonidae

White-throated Kingfisher Halcyon smyrnensis
(White-breasted Kingfisher)

Family: Cerylidae

Pied Kingfisher Ceryle rudis
(Lesser Pied Kingfisher)

Family: Meropidae

Green Bee-eater Merops orientalis
(Little Green Bee-eater)
Blue-cheeked Bee-eater Merops persicus

ORDER: CUCULIFORMES

Family: Cuculidae

Pied Cuckoo Clamator jacobinus
(Pied Crested Cuckoo, Jacobin Cuckoo)
Common Hawk Cuckoo Hierococcyx varius
Hodgson’s Hawk Cuckoo Hierococcyx fugax
Indian Cuckoo Cuculus micropterus
Asian Koel Eudynamys scolopacea
(Koel, Common Koel)
Sirkeer Malkoha Phaenicophaeus leschenaultii
(Sirkeer Cuckoo, Sirkeer)

Family: Centropodidae

Greater Coucal Centropus sinensis
(Crow-pheasant)

ORDER: PSITTACIFORMES

Family: Psittacidae

Rose-ringed Parakeet Psittacula krameri
Plum-headed Parakeet Psittacula cyanocephala
(Blossom-headed Parakeet)

ORDER: APODIFORMES

Family: Apodidae

Asian Palm Swift (Palm Swift) Cypsiurus balasiensis
Alpine Swift Tachymarptis melba
House Swift (Little Swift) Apus affinis

Family: Hemiprocnidae

Crested Treeswift (Crested Swift) Hemiprocne coronata

ORDER: STRIGIFORMES

Family: Tytonidae

Barn Owl Tyto alba

Family: Strigidae

Collared Scops Owl Otus bakkamoena
Eurasian Eagle Owl Bubo bubo
(Great Horned Owl, Eagle Owl)
Brown Fish Owl Ketupa zeylonensis
Mottled Wood Owl Strix ocellata
Jungle Owlet Glaucidium radiatum
(Barred Jungle Owlet)
Spotted Owlet Athene brama
Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus

Family: Caprimulgidae

Grey Nightjar Caprimulgus indicus
(Indian Jungle Nightjar)
Indian Nightjar Caprimulgus asiaticus
(Common Indian Nightjar)
Savanna Nightjar (Franklin’s) Caprimulgus affinis

ORDER:COLUMBIFORMES

Family:Columbidae

Rock pigeon (Blue Rock Pigeon) Columba livia
Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis
(Rufous Turtle Dove)
Laughing Dove (Little Brown) Streptopelia senegalensis
Spotted Dove Streptopelia chinensis
Red Collared Dove (Red Turtle) Streptopelia tranquebarica
Eurasian Collared Dove Streptopelia decaocto
(Indian Ring, Collared)
Yellow-footed Green Pigeon Treron phoenicoptera
(Yellow-legged Green or Bengal)

ORDER: GRUIFORMES

Family: Otididae

Lesser Florican (Likh) Sypheotides indica

Family: Gruidae

Sarus Crane Grus antigone
Demoiselle Crane Grus virgo
Common Crane Grus grus

Family: Rallidae

Brown Crake Amaurornis akool
White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus
Baillon’s Crake Porzana pusilla
Watercock Gallicrex cinerea
Purple Swamphen Porphyrio porphyrio
(Purple Moorhen, Purple Gallinule)
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
(Moorhen, Waterhen, Indian Gallinule)
Common Coot Fulica atra
(Coot, Eurasian Coot, Black Coot)

ORDER: CICONIIFORMES

Family: Pteroclidae

Chestnut-bellied Sandgrouse Pterocles exustus
(Indian Sandgrouse)
Painted Sandgrouse (Close-barred) Pterocles indicus

Family: Scolopacidae

Scolopacinae

Common Snipe (Fantail Snipe) Gallinago gallinago
Jack Snipe Lymnocryptes minimus

Tringinae

Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
Common Greenshank (Greenshank) Tringa nebularia
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Temminck’s Stint Calidris temminckii
Ruff Philomachus pugnax

Family: Rostratulidae

Greater Painted-snipe Rostratula benghalensis
(Painted Snipe)

Family: Jacanidae

Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus

Family: Burhinidae

Great Thick-knee Esacus recurvirostris
(Great Stone Plover)

Family: Charadriidae

Recurvirostrini

Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Pied Avocet (Avocet) Recurvirostra avosetta

Charadriinae

Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
(Little Plover, Little Ring Plover)
Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malarbaricus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus

Glareolinae

Indian Courser Cursorius coromandelicus

Family: Laridae

Sternini

River Tern Sterna aurantia
(Indian River Tern)
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybridus

Family: Accipitridae

Pandioninae

Osprey Pandion haliaetus

Accipitrinae

Oriental Honey-buzzard Pernis ptilorhyncus
(Honey Buzzard)
Black-shouldered Kite Elanus caeruleus
(Black-winged Kite)
Black Kite Milvus migrans
(Pariah Kite, Dark Kite, Black-eared Kite)
Brahminy Kite Haliastur indus
Pallas’s Fish Eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus
(Pallas’s Fishing Eagle)
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus
(Small White, Scavenger)
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis
(Indian White-backed Vulture)
Indian Vulture Gyps indicus
(Indian Long-billed, Indian Griffon)
Eurasian Griffon Gyps fulvus
(Griffon Vulture, Eurasian Griffon Vulture)
Red-headed Vulture Sarcogyps calvus
(King Vulture, Black Vulture)
Short-toed Snake Eagle Circaetus gallicus
(Short-toed Eagle)
Crested Serpent Eagle Spilornis cheela
Eurasian Marsh Harrier Circus aeruginosus
(Western Marsh Harrier)
Hen Harrier Circus cyaneus
(Northern Harrier)
Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus
(Pale Harrier)
Montagu’s Harrier Circus pygargus
Crested Goshawk Accipiter trivirgatus
Shikra Accipiter badius
Besra Accipiter virgatus
(Besra Sparrow-hawk)
Eurasian Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus
(Sparrow Hawk, Northern Sparrowhawk)
Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis
(Goshawk)
White-eyed Buzzard Butastur teesa
(White-eyed Buzzard Eagle)
Long-legged Buzzard Buteo rufinus
(Long-legged Buteo)
Tawny Eagle Aquila rapax
(Eurasian Tawny Eagle)
Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca
Bonelli’s Eagle Hieraaetus fasciatus
(Bonelli’s Hawk Eagle)
Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus
(Booed Hawk Eagle)
Changeable Hawk Eagle Spizaetus cirrhatus
Mountain Hawk Eagle Spizaetus nipalensis
(Hodgson’s Hawk Eagle)

Family: Falconidae

Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus
(Kestrel, Eurasian Kestrel)
Red-necked Falcon Falco chicquera
(Red-headed Merlin, Red-headed Falcon)
Eurasian Hobby Falco subbuteo
(Hobby, Northern Hobby)
Saker Falcon (Lanner) Falco cherrug
Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus
(Red-capped Falcon, Barbary Falcon)

Family: Podicipedidae

Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis

Family: Anhingidae

Darter Anhinga melanogaster
(Indian Darter, Oriental Darter, Snakebird)

Family: Phalacrocoracidae

Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
(Cormorant, Large Cormorant)

Family: Ardeidae

Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Western Reef Heron Egretta gularis
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Great Egret (Large Egret) Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
(Smaller Egret, Plumed Egret)
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
(Pond Heron)
Little Heron Butorides striatus
(Little Green Heron, Striated Heron)
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
(Night Heron)
Cinnamon Bittern (Chestnut Bittern) Ixobrychus cinnamomeus

Family: Phoenicopteridae

Greater Flamingo (Flamingo) Phoenicopterus ruber
Lesser Flamingo Phoenicopterus minor

Family: Threskiornithidae

Black-headed Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
(White Ibis, Oriental White Ibis)
Black Ibis Pseudibis papillosa
(Red-naped Ibis)
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia
(Spoonbill, White Spoonbill)

Family: Pelecanidae

Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus

Family: Ciconiidae

Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
(Asian Openbill Stork)
Woolly-necked Stork (White-necked) Ciconia episcopus
Black-necked Stork Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus

ORDER: PASSERIFORMES

Family: Pittidae

Indian Pitta Pitta brachyura

Family: Laniidae

Red-backed Shrike Lanius collurio
Rufous-tailed Shrike (Isabelline) Lanius isabellinus
Bay-backed Shrike Lanius vittatus
Long-tailed Shrike Lanius schach
Great Grey Shrike Lanius excubitor
Southern Grey Shrike Lanius meridionalis
(Grey Shrike)

Family: Corvidae

Corvini

Rufous Treepie (Indian Treepie) Dendrocitta vagabunda
House Crow Corvus splendens
Large-billed Crow (Jungle/Black Crow) Corvus macrorhynchos

Oriolini

Eurasian Golden Oriole Oriolus oriolus
(Golden Oriole)
Black-hooded Oriole (Black-headed) Oriolus xanthornus
Large Cuckooshrike Coracina macei
Black-headed Cuckooshrike Coracina melanoptera
Small Minivet(Little Minivet) Pericrocotus cinnamomeus
White-bellied Minivet Pericrocotus erythropygius

Dicrurinae

Rhipidurini

White-throated Fantail Rhipidura albicollis
(White-throated Fantail Flycatcher)

Dicrurini

Black Drongo Dicrurus macrocercus
Ashy Drongo (Grey) Dicrurus leucophaeus
White-bellied Drongo Dicrurus caerulescens
(White-vented Drongo)

Monarchini

Black-naped Monarch Hypothymis azurea
(Black-naped Flycatcher, Azure Flycatcher)
Asian Paradise-flycatcher Terpsiphone paradisi
(Paradise-flycatcher)

Aegithininae

Common Iora (Iora) Aegithina tiphia
Marshall’s Iora Aegithina nigrolutea
(White-tailed Iora)

Malaconotinae

Large Woodshrike Tephrodornis gularis
(Woodshrike, Lesser Wood-shrike)

Family: Muscicapidae

Turdinae

Blue Rock Thrush Monticola solitarius
White-throated Thrush Zoothera citrina cyanotus
(Orange-headed Ground Thrush)
Eurasian Blackbird Turdus merula nigropileus
(Blackbird, Common Blackbird)

Muscicapinae

Muscicapini

Spotted Flycatcher Muscicapa striata
Asian Brown Flycatcher Muscicapa dauurica
(Brown Flycatcher)
Rusty-tailed Flycatcher Muscicapa ruficauda
(Rufous-tailed Flycatcher)
Red-throated Flycatcher Ficedula parva
(Red-breasted Flycatcher)
Verditer Flycatcher Eumyias thalassina
Tickell’s Blue Flycatcher Cyornis tickelliae
(Orange-breasted Blue Flycatcher)
Grey-headed Canary Flycatcher Culicicapa ceylonensis
(Grey-headed Flycatcher)

Saxicolini

Bluethroat Luscinia svecica
Oriental Magpie Robin Copsychus saularis
(Magpie Robin Dayal)
Indian Robin Saxicoloides fulicata
(Black Robin, Indian Chat)
Black Redstart Phoenicurus ochruros
Common Stonechat Saxicola torquata
(Collared Bushchat)
Pied Bushchat Saxicola caprata
(Pied Stone-chat)
Variable Wheatear Oenanthe picata pictata
(Pied Chat, Pied Wheatear)
Rufous-tailed Wheatear Oenanthe xanthoprymna
(Red-tailed Chat, Red-tailed Wheatear)
Desert Wheatear Oenanthe deserti
Isabelline Wheatear (Chat) Oenanthe isabellina

Family: Sturnidae

Brahminy Starling Sturnus pagodarum
(Black-headed /Brahminy Myna)
Rosy Starling Sturnus roseus
(Rosy Pastor, Rose-coloured Starling)
Common Myna(Mynah) Acridotheres tristis
Bank Myna Acridotheres ginginianus
Jungle Myna Acridotheres fuscus

Family: Sittidae

Sittinae

Velvet-fronted Nuthatch Sitta frontalis
(Velvet-fronted Blue Nuthatch)

Family: Paridae

Parinae

Great Tit (Grey Tit) Parus major
White-naped Tit Parus nuchalis
(White-winged Black Tit)

Family: Hirundinidae

Plain Martin Riparia paludicola
(Plain Sand Martin)
Eurasian Crag Martin Hirundo rupestris
(Crag Martin, Northern Crag Martin)
Dusky Crag Martin Hirundo concolor
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica
(Swallow, Common Swallow)
Wire-tailed Swallow Hirundo smithii
Red-rumped Swallow(Striated) Hirundo daurica
Striated Swallow (Larger Striated) Hirundo striolata
Streak-throated Swallow Hirundo fluvicola
(Indian Cliff Swallow)

Family: Pycnonotidae

Red-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus cafer

Family: Cisticolidae

Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis
(Streaked Fantail Warbler)
Rufous-fronted Prinia (Wren Warbler) Prinia buchanani
Grey-breasted Prinia Prinia hodgsonii
(Franklin’s Wren Warbler)
Graceful Prinia Prinia gracilis
(Streaked Wren Warbler)
Jungle Prinia Prinia sylvatica
(Jungle Wren-Warbler, Large Prinia)
Ashy Prinia Prinia socialis
(Ashy Wren Warbler)
Plain Prinia Prinia inornata
(Plain Wren-Warbler, White-browed Prinia)

Family: Zosteropidae

Oriental White-eye Zosterops palpebrosus
(White-eye, Small White-eye)

Family: Sylviidae

Acrocephalinae

Grasshopper Warbler Locustella naevia
(Common Grasshopper Warbler )
Moustached Warbler Acrocephalus melanopogon
(Moustached Sedge Warbler)
Paddyfield Warbler Acrocephalus agricola
Great Reed Warbler Acrocephalus arundinaceus
(Eurasian Great Reed Warbler)
Booted Warbler Hippolais caligata
(Booted Tree Warbler)
Common Tailorbird(Tailorbird) Orthotomus sutorius
Common Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita
(Brown Leaf Warbler, Chiffchaff)
Tickell’s Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus affinis
(Tickell’s Warbler)
Sulphur-bellied Warbler Phylloscopus griseolus
(Olivaceous Leaf Warbler)
Greenish Warbler Phylloscopus trochiloides
(Dull Green Leaf Warbler)
Western Crowned Warbler Phylloscopus occipitalis
(Large Crowned Leaf Warbler)

Sylviinae

Timaliini

White-browed Scimitar Babbler Pomatorhinus schisticeps
(Slaty-headed Scimitar Babbler)
Tawny-bellied Babbler Dumetia hyperythra
(Rufous-bellied Babbler)
Yellow-eyed Babbler Chrysomma sinense
Common Babbler Turdoides caudatus
Large Grey Babbler Turdoides malcolmi
Jungle Babbler Turdoides striatus

Sylviini

Greater Whitethroat Sylvia communis
(Common Whitethroat, Whitethroat)
Lesser Whitethroat Sylvia curruca
Eastern Orphean Warbler Sylvia hortensis

Family: Alaudidae

Singing Bushlark (Lark) Mirafra cantillans
Indian Bushlark Mirafra erythroptera
(Red-winged Bushlark, Indian Lark)
Ashy-crowned Sparrow Lark Eremopterix grisea
(Ashy-crowned Finch Lark)
Rufous-tailed Lark Ammomanes phoenicurus
(Rufous-tailed Finch Lark)
Sand Lark Calandrella raytal
(Indian Short-toed Lark, Indian Sandlark)
Crested Lark Galerida cristata
Sykes’s Lark Galerida deva
(Syke’s Crested Lark, Tawny Lark)
Oriental Skylark Alauda gulgula
(Eastern Skylark, Oriental Lark)

Family: Nectariniidae

Nectariniinae

Dicaeini

Thick-billed Flowerpecker Dicaeum agile
Pale-billed Flowerpecker Dicaeum erythrorynchos
(Tickell’s / Small Flowerpecker)

Nectariniini

Purple Sunbird Nectarinia asiatica

Family:Passeridae

Passerinae

House Sparrow Passer domesticus
Chestnut-shouldered Petronia Petronia xanthocollis
(Yellow-throated Sparrow)


Motacillinae

Forest Wagtail Dendronanthus indicus
White Wagtail (Pied Wagtail) Motacilla alba
White-browed Wagtail Motacilla maderaspatensis
(Large Pied Wagtail)
Citrine Wagtail Motacilla citreola citreola
(Yellow-headed/hooded Wagtail)
Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea
Paddyfield Pipit Anthus rufulus
(Indian Pipit)
Tawny Pipit Anthus campestris
Blyth’s Pipit Anthus godlewskii
Long-billed Pipit Anthus similis
(Brown Rock pipit)

Ploceinae

Streaked Weaver Ploceus manyar
(Streaked Weaver/Striated Weaver)
Baya Weaver (Baya) Ploceus philippinus

Estrildinae

Indian Silverbill Lonchura malabarica
(White-throated Munia/Silverbill)
Scaly-breasted Munia Lonchura punctulata
(Spotted Munia, Nutmeg Mannikin)

Family: Fringillidae

Carduelini

Common Rosefinch Carpodacus erythrinus

Emberizinae

Crested Bunting Melophus lathami
Grey-necked Bunting Emberiza buchanani
Black-headed Bunting Emberiza melanocephala


Bibliography


Ali, S; Birds of Gujarat
Anon, Checklist of Birds in Gir Forest. WWF India Saurastra
Anon, Common Birds of Gir, Conservator of Forests, Junagarh
Dhramakumarsinhji, KS, Some Interesting Birds of Gir, BNHS Jouranal 48
Futehally, Z, Checklist of Birds of Aligarh & Gir.

 
   
 
 
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