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Home >> Checklists >> Haryana
 

Haryana

 
Haryana Bird Checklist
Bill Harvey, Tim Inskipp and Suresh C. Sharma
Second update – June 2003
 

The first online Haryana State checklist was published on www.delhibird.org in June 2001. It was updated in April 2002 by Bill and Suresh. This is the most comprehensive update and includes a full bibliography prepared by Tim. Only records with reasonable substantiation are included, although there are a few, mainly old records, that would benefit from confirmation. The status information remains a tentative assessment and is based on our current knowledge. It may not be accurate for the whole state. Additional records since the first edition come from a deeper search of the literature for historical records, some more recent vagrants and the results of much better coverage of the north-eastern hill forests at Kalesar and Morni. This update brings the State total to 527 species, including recent “splits” and potential “splits”.

Note that many recent records have not been published in detail but have been reported (with varying degrees of description) on www.delhibird.org the website of the Northern India Bird Network. They are included if they appear within the bounds of possibility, particularly in the light of records from neighbouring states. The initials of the reporters of such records are included in the Status column and their full names appear at the end of this Checklist.

GT = globally threatened, GNT = globally near threatened * = historical (pre 1970) records only

 

Species

Threat
status

Status

References

1.
Black Francolin
Francolinus francolinus
Scarce breeding resident.
Cultivation and wetlands.
State bird.
3, 14, 53, 53a, 64, 76, 84,
93, 107, 108, 120,
123, 125, 158, 189
2.
Grey Francolin
Francolinus pondicerianus
Very common breeding resident.
Most open habitats
6, 7, 65, 68, 75, 76, 78,
79, 84, 92, 93, 106, 107,
108, 109, 120, 123, 124,
125, 158, 170, 171, 189
3.
Common Quail
Coturnix coturnix
Scarce winter visitor and
passage migrant, but overlooked.
Cultivation and open plains
53, 53a, 107, 108,
123, 158, 189
4.
Rain Quail
Coturnix coromandelica
Local breeding resident.
Cultivation and open plains
?44a, 87, 123, 158,
172b, 181, 193
5.
Jungle Bush Quail
Perdicula asiatica
Status uncertain.
Probably scarce resident.
Rocky scrub
14, 53, 93, 123,
144, 189, 191
6.
Rock Bush Quail
Perdicula argoondah
Status uncertain. Probably
rare resident.
Rocky scrub (RSK)
93, 144
7.
Red Junglefowl
Gallus gallus
Scarce resident. Hill forests
53, 122, 123, 189
8.
Kalij Pheasant
Lophura leucomelanos
Status uncertain. Possibly
rare resident. Hill forests
119, 123
9.
Indian Peafowl
Pavo cristatus
Very common breeding
resident. All habitats including villages. National Bird
7, 44, 53a, 64, 65, 76,
78, 79, 106, 107, 109,
120, 123, 158, 164, 171, 189
10.
Lesser Whistling-duck
Dendrocygna javanica
Mainly local breeding
summer visitor. Wetlands
77, 79, 84, 119,
120, 139, 158
11.
White-headed Duck
Oxyura leucocephala
GT
*
Historical winter records
48, 59, 104, 144
12.
Greater White-fronted Goose
Anser albifrons
Winter vagrant. Wetlands.
Sultanpur 03/1982 (WGH),
?/1985 (PP, SCS)
9, 64, 120, 151, 158
13.
Lesser White-fronted Goose
Anser erythropus
GT
Winter vagrant. Wetlands.
Sultanpur 03/1982 (WGH),
Bhindawas shot early
1980s (per SCS)
59, 102, 158
14.
Greylag Goose
Anser anser
Common winter visitor. Large wetlands.
6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 51, 53, 57,
64, 68, 77, 78, 79, 107, 108,
110, 120, 128, 139, 140,
141, 151, 158, 170, 180
15.
Bar-headed Goose
Anser indicus
Common winter visitor.
Large wetlands and
nearby cultivation
6, 7, 9, 10, 44, 51, 52,
53, 57, 64, 68, 73, 77, 78,
79, 80, 92, 93, 94, 107,
108, 110, 120, 124, 125,
128, 131, 139, 140, 141,
151, 158, 164, 170, 172,
176, 177, 180, 189
16.
Ruddy Shelduck
Tadorna ferruginea
Common winter visitor.
Large wetlands
6, 7, 9, 51, 64, 65, 68,
76, 78, 79, 91, 92, 107,
108, 120, 125, 128, 131,
136, 139, 140, 141, 151,
158, 170, 172, 176, 189
17.
Common Shelduck
Tadorna tadorna
Scarce winter visitor.
Large wetlands
51, 92, 108, 120,
158, 172, 180
18.
Comb Duck
Sarkidiornis melanotos
Mainly scarce breeding
resident. Large wetlands
6, 9, 10, 52, 65, 79,
84, 109, 120, 125,
131, 135, 151, 158
19.
Cotton Pygmy-goose
Nettapus coromandelianus
Scarce breeding summer
visitor. Wetlands
9, 119, 120, 125,
139, 140, 151, 158, 176
20.
Gadwall
Anas strepera
Very common winter
visitor. Wetlands
6, 7, 9, 10, 44, 51,
68, 76, 78, 79, 92,
107, 108, 120, 131,
136, 139, 140, 141,
151, 158, 170, 171,
172, 179
21.
Falcated Duck
Anas falcata
*
Winter vagrant. Wetlands.
Sultanpur 1890. Badshahpur
02/1958, 6 near Sonipat
01/1969. No recent records
12, 77, 120, 125,
137, 148, 193
22.
Eurasian Wigeon
Anas penelope
Common winter visitor. Wetlands
6, 7, 9, 10, 44, 51,
52, 53, 64, 65, 68,
76, 78, 79, 92, 93,
107, 108, 120, 124,
| 128, 131, 136, 139,
140, 141, 151, 158,
170, 171, 172, 179,
180, 189, 193
23.
Mallard
Anas platyrhynchos
Scarce winter
visitor. Wetlands
5, 6, 7, 51, 52, 53,
64, 68, 77, 79, 92,
93, 108, 120, 128,
131, 136, 139, 141,
151, 158, 170, 171,
172, 180, 189, 193
24.
Spot-billed Duck
Anas poecilorhyncha
Common breeding
resident. Wetlands
6, 7, 9, 12, 44, 51,
64, 65, 68, 76, 78,
79, 84, 91, 92, 107,
108, 109, 120, 124,
125, 128, 131, 136,
139, 140, 141, 151,
158, 170, 171, 172,
176, 179
25.
Northern Shoveler
Anas clypeata
Very common winter
visitor. Wetlands
6, 7, 9, 10, 44, 51, 52,
53, 53a, 64, 65, 68,
76, 77, 78, 79, 92, 93,
107, 108, 109, 120,
128, 131, 136, 139,
140, 141, 151, 158,
170, 171, 172, 176,
179, 189
26.
Northern Pintail
Anas acuta
Very common
winter visitor. Wetlands
6, 7, 9, 44, 51, 52, 53,
64, 68, 76, 77, 78, 79,
92, 93, 107, 108,
128, 131, 136, 139,
140, 141, 151, 158,
170, 171, 172, 176,
179, 180, 189
27.
Garganey
Anas querquedula
Mainly scarce passage
migrant. Few winter. Wetlands
2, 68, 78, 79, 92,
108, 120, 158, 170, 176
28.
Baikal Teal
Anas formosa
GT
*
Historical winter records
59, 102
29.
Common Teal
Anas crecca
Very common
winter visitor. Wetlands
1, 6, 7, 9, 10, 44, 47,
51, 53, 53a, 64, 65,
68, 76, 78, 79, 107,
108, 109, 120, 128,
131, 136, 139, 140,
141, 151, 158, 170,
171, 172, 176,
179, 189
30.
Marbled Duck
Marmaronetta angustirostris
Historical winter records.
Recently Basai
04/2003 (WGH et al.)
59, 78, 103
31.
Red-crested Pochard
Rhodonessa rufina
Scarce winter
visitor. Wetlands
9, 92, 108, 109,
120, 151, 158, 180
32.
Common Pochard
Aythya ferina
Very common winter
visitor .Wetlands
2, 6, 7, 9, 10, 44, 51,
64, 65, 68, 78, 79,
92, 94, 107, 108, 120,
131, 139, 140, 151,
158, 170, 172, 176
33.
Ferruginous Pochard
Aythya nyroca
GNT
Scarce winter
visitor. Wetlands
9, 79, 93, 151,
158, 193
34.
Baer’s Pochard
Aythya baeri
GT
Winter vagrant.
Wetlands, Bhindawas
02/2002 (WGH, SCS)
158
35.
Tufted Duck
Aythya fuligula
Common winter
visitor. Wetlands
6, 9, 51, 52, 65, 68,
78, 79, 92, 107, 108,
120, 139, 140, 151,
158, 193
36.
Greater Scaup
Aythya marila
*
Only historical winter
records (but recorded
in Delhi and Uttaranchal
in the period 2001-2003)
49, 103
37.
Smew
Mergellus albellus
*
Historical winter records
from Najafgarh
77
38.
Small Buttonquail
Turnix sylvatica
Historical records but
possibly still scarce resident.
Sultanpur 06/2001 (WGH)
53a, 79, 120, 189
39.
Yellow-legged
Buttonquail Turnix tanki
Historical records
from Ambala and Kalka.
Perhaps currently
overlooked
53, 119
40.
Barred Buttonquail
Turnix suscitator
Scarce breeding resident.
Cultivation and open plains
14, 119, 120, 123,
157, 158, 193
41.
Eurasian Wryneck
Jynx torquilla
Scarce winter visitor.
Wooded areas and scrub
78, 107, 108, 120,
171, 189
42.
Brown-capped
Pygmy Woodpecker
Dendrocopos nanus
Historical records from
Ambala. On edge of range.
26, 119
43.
Grey-capped
Pygmy Woodpecker
Dendrocopos canicapillus
Scarce resident.
Hill forest
119, 123
44.
Brown-fronted Woodpecker
Dendrocopos aurifrons
Scarce resident.
Hill forest. Morni (SCS)
45.
Fulvous-breasted
Woodpecker Dendrocopos
macei

Scarce resident.
Hill forest
119
46.
Yellow-crowned
Woodpecker
Dendrocopos mahrattensis
Common breeding resident.
Wooded areas
93, 120, 123, 124,
125, 158, 172, 173
47.
Streak-throated
Woodpecker
Picus xanthopygaeus
Scarce resident.
Wooded areas
25, 119
48.
Grey-headed
Woodpecker
Picus canus
Scarce resident.
Hill forest.
Morni (SCS)
49.
Himalayan Flameback
Dinopium shorii
Scarce? resident.
Hill forest
183
50.
Black-rumped Flameback
Dinopium benghalense
Common breeding resident.
Wooded areas
7, 26, 73, 76, 84,
120, 123, 124,
125, 144, 158,
171, 189
51.
Greater Flameback
Chrysocolaptes lucidus
Common breeding
resident. Hill forest.
Kalesar (WGH, SCS)
52.
Great Barbet
Megalaima virens
Scarce breeding
resident. Hill forest
119
53.
Brown-headed Barbet
Megalaima zeylanica
Common breeding resident.
Wooded areas
123, 124, 144
54.
Blue-throated Barbet
Megalaima asiatica
?Scarce winter visitor.
Hill forest (SCS)
55.
Coppersmith Barbet
Megalaima haemacephala
Common breeding
resident. Wooded areas.
25, 68, 93, 107,
108, 109, 120,
123, 128, 158,
171, 184
56
Indian Grey
Hornbill Ocyceros birostris
Scarce probable
resident. Wooded areas
15, 24, 55, 120, 123,
124, 133, 144, 158,
189
57.
Oriental Pied Hornbill
Anthracoceros albirostris
Scarce probable resident.
Hill forests
24, 123, 144, 182
58.
Great Hornbill
Buceros bicornis
Scarce probable
resident. Hill forests.
Kalesar (SS)
59.
Common Hoopoe
Upupa epops
Very common breeding
resident. Wooded and
open areas
6, 24, 44, 57, 63, 64,
68, 78, 79, 84, 92,
106, 107, 108, 109,
113, 119, 120, 123,
149b, 149c, 158, 171
60.
European Roller
Coracias garrulus
Scarce autumn passage
migrant. Open country
84, 103, 158
61.
Indian Roller
Coracias benghalensis
Common breeding resident.
Open areas and cultivation
6, 7, 23, 44, 64, 75,
75b, 78, 79, 84, 106,
107, 108, 109, 120,
123, 158, 171, 189
62.
Dollarbird
Eurystomus orientalis
Historical record, and also
recently, from Kalesar (SCS)
182
63.
Common Kingfisher
Alcedo atthis
Scarce and declining
resident. Wetlands
22, 44, 55, 79, 119,
120, 123, 144, 158,
171, 189
64.
Stork-billed Kingfisher
Halcyon capensis
Status uncertain. Probably
rare visitor. Wetlands.
Kurukshetra and Yamunanagar
(RSK, JSY)
65.
White-throated
Kingfisher
Halcyon smyrnensis
Very common breeding
resident. Most wooded,
open and wetland habitats
including cultivation
6, 7, 22, 44, 53a, 64,
68, 78, 84, 107, 108,
109, 120, 124, 128,
158, 171, 189
66.
Crested Kingfisher
Megaceryle lugubris
Status uncertain.
Probably scarce breeding
resident. Hill rivers.
Kalesar (SS, SCS)
67.
Pied Kingfisher
Ceryle rudis
Locally common breeding
resident. Wetlands
6, 7, 53a, 64, 65, 68,
79, 109, 120, 124,
158, 171, 189
68.
Blue-bearded
Bee-eater
Nyctyornis athertoni
Probably rare resident.
Forests. One record
(photographed) Kalesar
08/1991 (SCS, VVR).
182
69.
Green Bee-eater
Merops orientalis
Very common mainly
breeding summer
visitor. Open country
6, 23, 44, 53a, 65, 68,
78, 84, 107, 108,
109, 120, 123, 158,
161, 171, 189
70.
Blue-cheeked
Bee-eater
Merops persicus
Common summer visitor.
Open country
65, 75, 77, 84, 98,
109, 120, 123, 158
71.
Blue-tailed Bee-eater
Merops philippinus
Local breeding summer
visitor. Open country
23, 119, 120,
144, 158
72.
Chestnut-headed Bee-eater
Merops leschenaulti
Rare resident. Forests.
Kalesar (RSK).
123
73.
Pied Cuckoo
Clamator jacobinus
Common breeding summer
visitor. Wooded areas
and open country
78, 119, 120,
123, 158
74.

Common Hawk Cuckoo
Hierococcyx varius

Common breeding
summer visitor.
Wooded areas
19, 73, 78, 84, 106,
109, 120, 123, 125,
158, 171, 189
75.
Indian Cuckoo
Cuculus micropterus
Rare summer visitor.
Wooded areas
123
76.

Eurasian Cuckoo
Cuculus canorus
Scarce passage migrant.
Wooded areas
77, 119
77.
Grey-bellied Cuckoo
Cacomantis passerinus
Scarce breeding summer
visitor. Wooded areas
120, 158
78.
Drongo Cuckoo
Surniculus lugubris
Status uncertain. Recorded
Kalesar 12/2001(SS) but
only a summer visitor
elsewhere in western
Himalayan foothills. Juv.
Sirsa 10/2002 (WGH, SCS et al.)
79.
Asian Koel
Eudynamys scolopacea
Common breeding summer
visitor. Few winter.
Wooded areas
108, 109, 120, 123,
124, 158, 189
80.
Sirkeer Malkoha
Phaenicophaeus
leschenaultii
Scarce, probably breeding,
resident. Dry open scrub
and wooded areas
19, 55, 106, 120,
123, 180, 189
81.
Greater Coucal
Centropus sinensis
Very common breeding
resident. Wetlands and
most open and
wooded areas
6, 7, 19, 44, 57, 64, 65,
68, 78, 79, 84, 107,
109, 120, 123, 124,
144, 158, 170, 171, 189
82.
Alexandrine Parakeet
Psittacula eupatria
Common breeding resident.
Wooded areas and cultivation
55, 123, 158, 189
83.
Rose-ringed Parakeet
Psittacula krameri
Very common breeding
resident. Most habitats
6, 44, 55, 64, 68, 76,
78, 84, 107, 108,
109, 120, 123, 158,
171, 189
84.
Slaty-headed Parakeet
Psittacula himalayana
Probably scarce
breeding resident.
Hill forests
18, 119
85.
Plum-headed Parakeet
Psittacula cyanocephala
Common breeding resident.
Wooded areas and cultivation
75a, 120, 123, 125,
158, 189
86.
Alpine Swift
Tachymarptis melba
Scarce passage migrant
or winter visitor.
Open country
21, 119
87.
Common Swift
Apus apus
Scarce summer visitor
or passage migrant. Hills (SCS)
88.
Fork-tailed Swift
Apus pacificus
Status uncertain. Probably
winter vagrant. Sultanpur
02/2001 (WGH)
89.
House Swift
Apus affinis
Very common breeding
resident. Over most habitats
near human habitation.
21, 44, 64, 65, 68, 78,
79, 92, 107, 108,
109, 120, 121, 128,
158, 171, 189
90.
Barn Owl
Tyto alba
Scarce breeding resident.
Open country
20, 92, 119, 120, 189
91.
Pallid Scops Owl
Otus brucei
*
Historical record
from Sultanpur 12/1877
163
92.
Collared Scops Owl
Otus bakkamoena
Scarce breeding
resident. Woodlands
20, 144
93.
Eurasian Eagle Owl
Bubo bubo
Scarce breeding resident.
Wooded areas and wetlands
20, 53a, 109, 119,
158, 171, 189
94.
Dusky Eagle Owl
Bubo coromandus
Scarce breeding resident.
Wooded areas and
wetlands
53a, 119, 158, 189
95.
Brown Fish Owl
Ketupa zeylonensis
Rare breeding
resident. Wetlands
54, ?64, 158, 189
96.
Mottled Wood Owl
Strix ocellata
*
Status unknown. Historical
record from Ambala
119, 189
97.
Collared Owlet
Glaucidium brodiei
Scarce resident.
Hill forest
119
98.
Jungle Owlet
Glaucidium radiatum
Common breeding
resident. Hill forest.
Kalesar (WGH, SCS)
99.
Spotted Owlet
Athene brama
Common breeding
resident. Wooded areas
20, 54, 57, 64, 84, 92,
93, 106, 109, 120,
123, 124, 125, 158,
171, 189
100.
Short-eared Owl
Asio flammeus
Scarce winter visitor.
Open dry country
20, 53a, 54, 64, 78,
92, 119, 170, 189
101.
Grey Nightjar
Caprimulgus indicus
Status uncertain.
Probably scarce resident.
Wooded areas
119, 123
102.
Sykes's Nightjar
Caprimulgus mahrattensis
Status uncertain.
Possibly scarce resident.
Dry open areas
75, 123, 144
103.
Large-tailed Nightjar
Caprimulgus macrurus
Status uncertain.
Probably scarce resident.
Wooded areas.
119, 123
104.
Indian Nightjar
Caprimulgus asiaticus
Status uncertain. Probably
scarce resident. Open country
and wooded areas
20, 53a, 123, 114
105.
Savanna Nightjar
Caprimulgus affinis
Status uncertain. Probably
scarce resident. Wooded
and rocky areas. Photographed
Sonipat 03/1990 (SCS)
119, 123
106.
Rock Pigeon
Columba livia
Very common breeding
resident. Most open
habitats particularly near
human habitation
17, 78, 84, 91, 107,
108, 109, 120,
123, 158, 171, 189
107.
Yellow-eyed Pigeon
Columba eversmanni
GT
*
Historical winter
records from Ambala
7, 53, 59, 61, 75,
75c, 146, 189
108.
Common Wood Pigeon
Columba palumbus
Rare winter
visitor to hills
119
109.
Oriental Turtle Dove
Streptopelia orientalis
Mainly scarce passage
migrant. Wooded areas
123, 125, 189, 193
110.
Laughing Dove
Streptopelia senegalensis
Very common breeding
resident. Most
dry habitats
44, 53, 64, 68, 75,
75c, 78, 79, 84,
107, 108, 109, 120,
158, 171, 189
111.
Spotted Dove
Streptopelia chinensis
Local breeding
resident. Wooded and
cultivated areas
53, 53a, 79, 120,
123, 158, 171, 189
112.
Red Collared Dove
Streptopelia tranquebarica
Common breeding resident.
Cultivation and villages
7, 53, 53a, 64, 78,
84, 91, 93, 107,
108, 109, 120,
123, 124, 158, 189
113.
Eurasian Collared Dove
Streptopelia decaocto
Very common breeding
resident. Wooded areas,
villages and cultivation
44, 64, 65, 68, 75,
76, 78, 92, 107, 108,
109, 120, 123, 158,
171, 189
114.
Emerald Dove
Chalcophaps indica
Rare visitor. Hill forest
123
115.
Yellow-footed Green Pigeon
Treron phoenicoptera
Common breeding resident.
Wooded areas
53, 75, 119, 120,
123, 158, 189
116.
Little Bustard
Tetrax tetrax
GNT
*
Historical winter
record only
144
117.
Indian Bustard
Ardeotis nigriceps
GT
*
Historical (19th century)
records. Dry
open areas
?53, 59, 69, 74,
89, 127, 135, 138
118.
Macqueen’s Bustard
Chlamydotis macqueenii
GNT
Historical winter records
75, 89, 119
119.
Lesser Florican
Sypheotides indica
GT
*
Historical (apparently breeding)
records
59, 105, 187
120.
Siberian Crane
Grus leucogeranus
GT
*
Historical (!9th century)
records. Wetlands
59, 62, 105,
127, 185
121.
Sarus Crane
Grus antigone
GT
Local and declining
breeding resident.
Wetlands and cultivation
6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 44, 52,
53, 57, 59, 64, 65,
67, 73, 76, 78, 79,
84, 91, 93, 107, 108,
109, 120, 124, 125,
127, 128, 131, 134,
136, 140, 141, 149c,
151, 158, 168, 169,
170, 171, 172, 176, 189
122.
Demoiselle Crane
Grus virgo
Mainly scarce passage
migrant. Wetlands
and cultivation
5, 9, 10, 77, 92, 93,
120, 151, 158, 172,
176, 180
 
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