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Home >> Checklists >> Haryana >> Kalesar


Birds of Kalesar Wildlife Sanctuary
(Haryana) (An Un-annotated Checklist)
- Suresh C. Sharma - October 2002

Foreword: by Bill Harvey

Kalesar is the largest wildlife sanctuary in Haryana covering 133sq km of the lower Shivaliks in the Himalayan foothills. It ranges up to 700m and is primarily Sal forest of varying height and density and open scrub with broad, stony storm watercourses, which are usually, dry. The Yamuna River runs to the east and birds recorded along it are included. The site can easily be reached from Delhi via Yamunanagar (200km) or from Dehra Dun or Chandigarh via Paonta Sahib. It is at the junction of the states of Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal and Uttar Pradesh.

Dr Rajiv Kalsi studied the site from 1993-95 (Forktail 13(1998); 29-32) but his checklist contains only 161 species. There are a remarkable number of surprising omissions of species, which are clearly common. There are also a few surprising inclusions (given the habitat) and where they have not been confirmed by later observers have been marked with *. One exceptionally rare and endangered species, the Rufous-vented Prinia burnesii, has been omitted completely. It is described as a common resident but this would be the first location for it in Haryana and no suitable habitat has been located. It is probably a case of mistaken identity.

In the last year a number of other birders have visited the site, notably the author of the following list, Suresh c. Sharma. Thanks largely to his efforts the list now stands at a remarkable 304 species (almost doubling the previous list!) and the site fully earns its IBA status. Its relative accessibility and its position at the junction of the Indo-Gangetic Plains and the Western Himalayan make it likely that other species will be added. Indeed in the last year Ruby-cheeked Sunbird and Snowy-browed Flycatcher have been found suggesting some range expansion westwards.

Accommodation : There is a Forest Rest House in Kalesar with 2 rooms and other facilities. This can be booked through the DFO, Yamunagar (Haryana). Second Rest House belong to the Irrigation Department and is available at Tajewala Headworks near Kalesar. Two rooms are available in nearby Shiva Hotel.


1. Grey Francolin (Francolinus pondicerianus)

2. Black Francolin (Francolinus francolinus)

3. Common Quail (Coturnix coturnix)..

4. Jungle Bush Quail (Perdicula asiatica) *

5. Rain Quail (Coturnix coromandelica).

6. Barred Buttonquail (Turnix suscitator)

7. Red Junglefowl (Gallus gallus).

8. Kalij Pheasant (Lophura leucomelanos).

9. Indian Peafowl (Pavo cristatus).

10. Ruddy Shelduck (Tadrona ferruginea)

11. Spot-billed Duck (Anas poecilorhyncha)

12. Brown-capped Pygmy Woodpecker

13. Grey-capped Pygmy Woodpecker (Denrocopus canicapillus).

14. Brown-fronted Woodpecker (Dendrocopos auriceps).

15. Yellow-crowned Woodpecker (Dendrocopos mahrattensis).

16. Scaly-bellied Woodpecker (Picus squamatus).

17. Black-rumped Flameback (Dinopium benghalense) .

18. Greater Flameback (Chrysocolaptes lucidus).

19. Great Barbet (Megalaima virens).

20. Brown-headed Barbet (Megalaima zeylanica)

21. Lineated Barbet (Megalaima lineata)

22. Coppersmith Barbet(Megalaima haemacephala)

23. Indian Grey Hornbill (Ocyceros birostris)

24. Oriental Pied Hornbill (Anthracoceros albirostris)

25. Great Hornbill (Buceros bicornis)

26. Common Hoopoe (Upopa epops)

27. European Roller (Coracias garrulus)

28. Indian Roller (Coracias benghalensis)

29. Dollarbird (Eurystomus orientalis)

30. Common Kingfisher (Alcedo atthis)

31. White-throated Kingfisher (Halcyon smyrnensis)

32. Crested Kingfisher (Megaceryle lugubris)

33. Pied Kingfisher (Ceryle rudis)

34. Blue-bearded Bee-eater (Nyctyornis athertoni)

35. Green Bee-eater (Merops orientalis)

36. Blue-cheeked Bee-eater (Merops persicus)

37. Blue-tailed Bee-eater (Merops philippinus)

38. Chestnut-headed Bee-eater (Merops leschenaulti)

39. Pied Cuckoo (Clamator jacobinus)

40. Common Hawk Cuckoo (Hierococcyx varius)

41. Indian Cuckoo (Cuculus micropterus)

42. Eurasian Cuckoo (Cuculus canorus)

43. Grey-bellied Cuckoo (Cacomantis merulinus)

44. Asian Koel (Eudynamys scolopacea)

45. Sirkeer Malkoha (Phaenicophaeus leschenaultil)*

46. Greater Coucal (Centropus sinensis)

47. Alexandrine Parakeet ( Psittacula eupatria)

48. Rose-ringed Parakeet (Psittacula krameri)

49. Slaty-headed Parakeet (Psittacula himalayana)

50. Plum-headed Parakeet (Psittacula cyanocephala)

51. Himalayan Swiftlet (Collocalia brevirostris)

52. House Swift (Apus affinis)

53. Alpine Swift (Tachymarptis melba)

54. Eurasian Eagle Owl (Bubo bubo)

55. Collared Owlet (Glaucidium brodiei)

56. Asian Barred Owlet (Glaucidium cuculoides)

57. Jungle Owlet (Glaucidium radiatum)

58. Spotted Owlet (Athene brama indica)

59. Short-eared Owl (Asio flammeus)

60. Grey Nightjar (Caprimulgus indicus)

61. Sykes's Nightjar (Caprimulgus mahrattensis)

62. Large-tailed Nightjar (Caprimulgus macrurus)*

63. Indian Nightjar (Caprimulgus asiaticus)

64. Savanna Nightjar (Caprimulgus affinis)

65. Rock Pigeon (Columbia livia)

66. Oriental Turtle Dove(Streptopelia orientalis)

67. Laughing Dove (Streptopelia senegalensis)

68. Spotted Dove (Streptopelia cheninsis)

69. Red Collared Dove (Streptopelia tanquebarica)

70. Eurasian Collared Dove (Streptopelia decaocto)

71. Emerald Dove (Chalcophaps indica)

72. Yellow-footed Green Pigeon (Treron phoenicoptera)

73. White-breasted Waterhen (Amaurornis phoenicurus)

74. Common Moorhen (Gallinula cloropus)

75. Common Coot (Fulica atra)

76. Common Snipe (Gallinago gallinago)

77. Black-tailed Godwit (Limosa limosa)

78. Eurasian Curlew (Numenius arquata)

79. Spotted Redshank (Tringa erythropus)

80. Common Redshank (Tringa totanus)

81. Marsh Sandpiper (Tringa stagnatilis)

82. Common Greenshank (Tringa nebularia)

83. Green Sandpiper (Tringa ochropus)

84. Wood Sandpiper (Tringa glareola)

85. Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos)

86. Little Stint (Calidris minuta)

87. Temminck's Stint (Calidris temminckii)

88. Ruff (Philomachus pugnax)

89. Greater Painted-Snipe(Rostratula benghalensis)

90. Eurasian Thick-knee (Burhinus oedicnemus)

91. Black-winged Stilt (Himantopus himantopus)

92. Pheasant-tailed Jacana (Hydrophasianus chirurgus)

93. Oriental Pratincole (Glareola maldivarum)

94. Small Pratincole (Glareola lactea)

95. Little Ringed Plover (Charadrius dubius)

96. Kentish Plover (Charadrius alexandrinus)

97. River Lapwing (Vanellus duvaucelii)

98. Red-wattled Lapwing (Vanellus indicus)

99. White-tailed Lapwing (Vanellus leucurus)

100. Yellow-legged Gull (Larus cachinnans)

101. Pallas's Gull (Larus ichthyaetus)

102. Brown-headed Gull (Larus brunnicephalus)

103. Black-headed Gull (Larus ridibundus)

104. Gull-billed Tern (Gelochelidon nilotica)

105. River Tern (Sterna aurantia)

106. Little Tern (Sterna albifrons)

107. Whiskered Tern (Childonias hybrida)

108. Osprey (Pandion haliaetus)

109. Black-shouldered Kite(Elanus caerulus)

110. Black Kite (Milvus migrans)

111. Brahminy Kite (Haliastur indus)

112. Pallas's Fish Eagle (Haliaeetus leucoryphus)

113. Egyptian Vulture (Neophron percnopterus)

114. White-rumped Vulture(Gyps benghalensis)

115. Slender-billed Vulture/Long-billed Vulture (Gyps tenuirostris/ indicus)

116. Eurasian Griffon (Gyps fulvus)

117. Red-headed Vulture(Sarcogyps calvus)

118. Short-toed Snake Eagle (Circaetus gallicus)

119. Crested Serpent Eagle (Spilornis cheela)

120. Black Eagle (Ictinaetus malayensis) *

121. Eurasian Marsh Harrier (Circus aeruginosus)

122. Hen Harrier (Circus cyaneus)

123. Pallid Harrier (Circus macrourus)

124. Montague's Harrier (Circus pygargus)

125. Shikra (Accipiter badius)

126. Eurasian Sparrowhawk ( Accipiter nisus)

127. Northern Goshawk (Accipiter gentilis)*

128. Oriental Honey-Buzzard (Pernis ptilorynchus)

129. White-eyed Buzzard (Butastur teesa)

130. Greater Spotted Eagle (Aquila clanga)

131. Steppe Eagle (Aquila nipalensis)

132. Imperial Eagle ( Aquila heliaca)

133. Bonelli's Eagle (Hieraaetus fasciatus)

134. Booted Eagle (Hieraaetus pennatus)

135. Lesser Kestrel (Falco naumanni)*

136. Common Kestrel (Falco tinnunculus)

137. Red-necked Falcon (Falco chicquera)

138. Merlin (Falco columbarius)

139. Eurasian Hobby (Falco subbuteo)

140. Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus)

141. Little Grebe (Tachybaptus ruficollis)

142. Little Cormorant (Phalacrocorax niger)

143. Indian Cormorant (Phalacrocorax fuscicollis)

144. Great Cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo)

145. Little Egret (Egretta garzetta)

146. Great Egret (Casmerodius albus)

147. Intermediate Egret (Mesophoyx intermedia)

148. Cattle Egret (Bubulcus ibis)

149. Indian Pond Heron (Ardeola grayii)

150. Grey Heron (Ardea cinerea)

151. Little Heron (Butorides striatus)

Black-Crowned Night Heron (Nycticorax nycticorax)

153. Painted Stork (Mycteria leucocephala

154. Asian Openbill (Anastomus oscitans)

155. Woolly-necked Stork (Ciconia episcopus)

156. Indian Pitta (Pitta brachyura)

157. Golden-fronted Leafbird (Chloropsis aurifrons)

158. Rufous-tailed Shrike Lanius isabellinus)

159. Brown Shrike (Lanius cristatus)*

160. Bay-backed Shrike (Lanius vittatus)

161. Long-tailed Shrike (Lanius schach)

162. Southern Grey Shrike(Lanius meridionalis)

163. Rufous Treepie (Dendrocitta vagabunda)

164. House Crow (Corvus splendens)

165. Large-billed Crow (Corvus macrorhynchos)

166. Ashy Woodswallow (Artamus fuscus)

167. Eurasian Golden Oriole (Oriolus oriolus)

168. Black-hooded Oriole (Oriolus xanthornus)

169. Maroon Oriole (Oriolus traillii)

170. Large Cuckooshrike (Coracina macei)

171. Small Minivet (Pericrocotus cinnamomeus)

172. Long-tailed Minivet (Pericrocotus brevirostris)

173. Scarlet Minivet (Pericrocotus flammeus)

174. Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike (Hemipus picatus)

175. Yellow-bellied Fantail (Rhipidora hypoxantha)

176. White-throated Fantail (Rhipidura albicollis)

177. White-browed Fantail (Rhipidura aureola)

178. Black Drongo (Dicrurus macrocercus)

179. Ashy Drongo (Dicrurus leucophaeus)

180. White-bellied Drongo (Dicrurus caerulescens)

181. Bronzed Drongo (Dicrurus aeneus)

182. Spangled Drongo (Dicrurus hottentottus)

183. Greater Racket-tailed Drongo (Dicrurus paradiseus) *

184. Asian Paradise-Flycatcher (Terpsiphone paradisi)

185. Common Iora (Aegithina tiphia)

186. Common Woodshrike (Tephrodornis pondicerianus)

187. Blue Rock Thrush (Monticola solitarius)

188. Orange-headed Thrush Zoothera citrina

189. Scaly Thrush (Zoothera dauma)

190. Grey-winged Blackbird (Turdus boulboul)

191. Eurasian Blackbird (Turdus merula)

192. Dark-throated Thrush (Turdus rufficolis)

193. Rufous-gorgeted Flycatcher (Ficedula hodgsonii)

194. Kashmir Flycatcher (Ficedula subrubra)*

195. Red-throated Flycatcher (Ficedula parva)

196. Snowy-browed Flycatcher (Ficedula hyperythra)

197. Ultramarine Flycatcher (Ficedula superciliaris)

198. Slaty-blue Flycatcher (Ficedula tricolor)

199. Verditer Flycatcher (Eumyias thalassina)

200. Tickell's Blue Flycatcher (Cyornis tickelliae)

201. Grey-headed Canary Flycatcher (Culicicapa ceylonensis)

202. Bluethroat (Luscinia svecica)

203. Orange-flanked Bush Robin (Targiser cyanurus)

204. Oriental Magpie Robin (Copsychus saularis)

205. White-rumped Shama Copsychus malabaricus)

206. Indian Robin (Saxicoloides fulicataI)

207. Blue-capped Redstart (Phoenicurus coeruleocephalus)

208. Black Redstart (Phoenicurus ochruros)

209. White-capped Water Redstart (Chaimarrornis leucocephalus)

210. Plumbeous Water Redstart (Rhyacornis fuliginosus)

211. Common Stonechat (Saxicola torquata)

212. Grey Bushchat (Saxicola ferrea)

213. Brown Rock-chat (Cercomela fusca)

214. Brahminy Starling (Sturnus pagodarum)

215. Rosy Starling (Sturnus roseus)

216. Asian Pied Starling (Sturnus contra)

217. Common Starling (Sturnus vulgaris)

218. Common Myna (Acridotheres tristis)

219. Bank Myna (Acridotheres ginginianus)

220. Chestnut-bellied Nuthatch (Sitta castanea)

221. Wallcreeper (Tichodroma muraria)

222. Eurasian Treecreeper (Certhia familiaris)

223. Bar-tailed Treecreeper (Certhia himalayana)

224. Great Tit (Parus major)

225. Sand Martin (Riparia riparia)

226. Plain Martin (Riparia paludicola)

227. Eurasian Crag Martin (Hirundo rupestris)*

228. Dusky Crag Martin (Hirundo concolor)

229. Barn Swallow (Hirundo rustica)

230. Wire-tailed Swallow (Hirundo smithii)

231. Red-rumped Swallow (Hirundo daurica)

232. Himalayan Bulbul (Pycnonotus leucogenys)

233. Red-vented Bulbul (Pycnonotus cafer)

234. Black Bulbul (Hypsipetes leucocephalus

235. Striated Prinia (Prinia atrogularis)

236. Rufous-fronted Prinia (Prinia buchanani)

237. Grey-breasted Prinia (Prinia hodgsonii)

238. Jungle Prinia (Prinia sylvatica

239. Yellow-bellied Prinia (Prinia flaviventris)

240. Graceful Prinia (Prinia gracilis)

241. Plain Prinia (Prinia inornata)

242. Ashy Prinia (Prinia socialis)

243. Zitting Cisticola (Cisticola juncidis)

244. Oriental White-eye (Zosterops palpebrosa)

245. Pale-footed Bush Warbler (Cettia pallidipes)*

246. Brownish-flanked Warbler (Cettia fortipes)*

247. Blyth's Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus dumetorum)

248. Booted Warbler (Hippolais caligata)

249. Lesser Whitethroat (Sylvia curruca)

250. Common Tailorbird (Orthotomus sutorius)

251. Common Chiffchaff (Phylloscopus colybita tristis)

252. Sulphur-bellied Warbler (Phylloscopus griseolus)

253. Lemon-rumped Warbler (Phylloscopus chloronotus)

254. Brook's Leaf Warbler (Phylloscopus subviridis)

255. Hume's Warbler ( Phylloscopus humei)

256. Greenish Warbler (Phylloscopus trochiloides)

257. Western Crowned Warbler ( Phylloscopus occipitalis)

258. Golden-spectacled Warbler (Seicercus burkii)

259. Grey-hooded Warbler (Seicercus xanthoschistos)

260. Variegated Laughingthrush (Garrulax subunicolor)

261. Puff-throated Babbler (Pellorneum ruficeps)

262. White-browed Scimitar Babbler ( Pomatorhinus schisticeps)

263. Black-chinned Babbler (Stachyris pyrrhops)

264. Tawny-bellied Babbler (Dumetia hyperythra)

265. Yellow-eyed Babbler (Chrysomma sinense)

266. Common Babbler (Turdoides caudatus)

267. Large Grey Babbler (Turdoides malcolmi)

268. Jungle Babbler (Turdoides striatus)

269. Whiskered Yuhina (Yuhina flavicollis)

270. Indian Bushlark (Mirafra erythroptera)

271. Ashy-crowned Sparrow Lark (Eremopterix grisea)

272. Rufous-tailed Lark (Ammomanes phoenicurus)

273. Crested Lark (Galerida cristata)

274. Oriental Skylark (Alauda gulgula)

275. Thick-billed Flowerpecker (Dicaeum agile)

276. Ruby-cheeked Sunbird (Anthreptes singalensis)

277. Purple Sunbird (Nectarinia asiatica)

278. Crimson Sunbird (Aethopyga siparaja)

279. House Sparrow (Passer domesticus)

280. Chestnut-Shouldered Petronia (Petronia xanthcollis)

281. White Wagtail (Motacilla alba)

282. White-browed Wagtail (Motacilla maderaspatensis)

283. Citrine Wagtail (Motacilla citreola)

284. Yellow Wagtail (Motacilla flava)

285. Grey Wagtail (Motacilla cinerea)

286. Paddyfield Pipit (Anthus rufulus)

287. Tawny Pipit (Anthus campestris)

288. Long-billed Pipit (Anthus similis)

289. Tree Pipit (Anthus trivialis)

290. Olive-backed Pipit (Anthus hodgsoni)

291. Rosy Pipit (Anthus roseatus)

292. Rufous-breasted Accentor (Prunella strophiata)

293. Black-breasted Weaver (Ploceus benghalensis)

294. Streaked Weaver (Ploceus manyar)

295. Baya Weaver (Ploceus philippinus)

296. Red Avadavat (Amandava amandava)

297. Indian Silverbill (Lonchura malaarica)

298. Scaly-breasted Munia (Lonchura punctulata)

299. Common Rosefinch (Carpodacus erythrinus)

300. Crested Bunting (Melophus lathami)

301. Rock Bunting (Emberiza cia)

302. Grey-necked Bunting (Emberiza buchanni)

303. White-capped Bunting (Emberiza stewarti)

304. Red-headed Bunting (Emberiza bruniceps)

Publications used for references and ID help :

1) Birds of Kalesar by Dr Rajiv Kalsi (Forktail 13(1998); 29-32)
2) Birds of India and Pakistan by Salim Ali and S. Dillon Ripley
3) Birds of Indian Subcontinent by Richard Grimmett, Carol Inskipp, Tim Inskipp
4) Pocket Guide to the Birds of the Indian Continent by Richard Grimmett, Carol Inskipp, Tim Inskipp
5) A Field Guide to the Birds of Krys Kazmierczak
6) Various birding reports appeared on the by Bill Harvey, Suresh C. Sharma, Sanjay & Anchal Sondhi

Acknowledgements :

I am grateful to Shri R.D. Jakati, Chief Wildlife Warden of Haryana and his staff for logistic support. Bill Harvey has kindly written an introduction to this list, in fact he kept on asking me to do this list.

Suresh C. Sharma
Gokul Nagar, Rohtak Road
Sonipat 131001 (Haryana - India)
E-mail: /

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