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Home >> Checklists >> Maharashtra >> Melghat
 

Melghat

 

A Checklist of the Birds of The Melghat Tiger Reserve, Maharastra
by The Field Director. November 2003

 

ORDER: GALLIFORMES

Family: Phasianidae

Painted Francolin (Painted Partridge) Francolinus pictus
Grey Francolin (Grey Partridge) Francolinus pondicerianus
Common Quail Coturnix coturnix
Rain Quail (Black-breasted Quail) Coturnix coromandelica
Jungle Bush Quail Perdicula asiatica
Rock Bush Quail Perdicula argoondah
Red Spurfowl Galloperdix spadicea
Painted Spurfowl Galloperdix lunulata
Grey Junglefowl Gallus sonneratii
Indian Peafowl Pavo cristatus
(Common Peafowl, Blue Peafowl)

ORDER: ANSERIFORMES

Family: Dendrocygndiae

Lesser Whistling-duck Dendrocygna javanica
(Lesser Whistling-teal, Lesser Treeduck )

Family: Anatidae

Anserini

Ruddy Shelduck (Ruddy Sheldrake) Tadorna ferruginea

Anatini

Gadwall Anas strepera
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
(Spotbil Duck, Spotbill)
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
(Shoveller)
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
(Common Pintail, Pintail)
Garganey Anas querquedula
Common Teal Anas crecca

ORDER: TURNICIFORMES

Family: Turnicidae

Small Buttonquail Turnix sylvatica
(Little Bustardquail, Little buttonquail)
Yellow-legged Buttonquail Turnix tanki
(Button Quail)
Barred Buttonquail Turnix suscitator
(Common Bustardquail)

ORDER: PICIFORMES

Family: Picidae

Brown-capped Pygmy Woodpecker Dendrocopos nanus
(Brown-crowned Pigmy Woodpecker)
Yellow-crowned Woodpecker Dendrocopos mahrattensis
(Yellow-fronted Pied Woodpecker)
Streak-throated Woodpecker Picus xanthopygaeus
(Little Scaly-bellied Green Woodpecker)
Black-rumped Flameback Dinopium benghalense
(Lesser Golden-backed Woodpecker)
Heart-spotted Woodpecker Hemicircus canente
White-bellied Woodpecker Drycopus javensis

Family: Megalaimidae

Brown-headed Barbet (Green Barbet) Megalaima zeylanica
Coppersmith Barbet Megalaima haemacephala
(Crimson-breasted Barbet)

ORDER: BUCEROTIFORMES

Family: Bucerotidae

Indian Grey Hornbill Ocyceros birostris
(Common Grey Hornbill, Gray Hornbill)

ORDER: UPUPIFORMES

Family: Upupidae

Common Hoopoe (Hoopoe) Upupa epops

ORDER: CORACIIFORMES

Family: Coraciidae

Indian Roller Coracias benghalensis

Family: Alcedinidae

Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis
(Small Blue Kingfisher, Eurasian Kingfisher)

Family: Halcyonidae

White-throated Kingfisher Halcyon smyrnensis
(White-breasted Kingfisher)

Family: Cerylidae

Pied Kingfisher Ceryle rudis
(Lesser Pied Kingfisher)

Family: Meropidae

Green Bee-eater Merops orientalis
(Little Green Bee-eater)
Blue-tailed Bee-eater Merops philippinus

ORDER: CUCULIFORMES

Family: Cuculidae

Pied Cuckoo Clamator jacobinus
(Pied Crested Cuckoo, Jacobin Cuckoo)
Common Hawk Cuckoo Hierococcyx varius
Indian Cuckoo Cuculus micropterus
Eurasian Cuckoo Cuculus canorus
(The Cuckoo, Common Cuckoo)
Lesser Cuckoo (Small Cuckoo) Cuculus poliocephalus
Banded Bay Cuckoo Cacomantis sonneratii
(Indian Banded Bay Cuckoo)
Grey-bellied Cuckoo Cacomantis passerinus
(Indian Plaintive Cuckoo)
Drongo Cuckoo Surniculus lugubris
Asian Koel Eudynamys scolopacea
(Koel, Common Koel)
Sirkeer Malkoha Phaenicophaeus leschenaultii
(Sirkeer Cuckoo, Sirkeer)

Family: Centropodidae

Greater Coucal Centropus sinensis
(Crow-pheasant)

ORDER: PSITTACIFORMES

Family: Psittacidae

Alexandrine Parakeet Psittacula eupatria
(Large Indian Parakeet, Large Parakeet)
Rose-ringed Parakeet Psittacula krameri
Plum-headed Parakeet Psittacula cyanocephala
(Blossom-headed Parakeet)

ORDER: APODIFORMES

Family: Apodidae

White-rumped Needletail Zoonavena sylvatica
(White-rumped Spinetail)
Alpine Swift Tachymarptis melba
House Swift (Little Swift) Apus affinis

Family: Hemiprocnidae

Crested Treeswift (Crested Swift) Hemiprocne coronata

ORDER: STRIGIFORMES

Family: Tytonidae

Barn Owl Tyto alba

Family: Strigidae

Eurasian Scops Owl Otus scops
(European Scops Owl)
Collared Scops Owl Otus bakkamoena
Eurasian Eagle Owl Bubo bubo
(Great Horned Owl, Eagle Owl)
Dusky Eagle Owl Bubo coromandus
(Dusky Horned Owl)
Brown Fish Owl Ketupa zeylonensis
Mottled Wood Owl Strix ocellata
Brown Wood Owl Strix leptogrammica
Jungle Owlet Glaucidium radiatum
(Barred Jungle Owlet)
Spotted Owlet Athene brama
Forest Owlet (Forest Spotted Owlet) Athene blewitti
Brown Hawk Owl (Brown Boobook) Ninox scutulata
Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus

Family: Caprimulgidae

Grey Nightjar Caprimulgus indicus
(Indian Jungle Nightjar)
Indian Nightjar Caprimulgus asiaticus
(Common Indian Nightjar)
Savanna Nightjar (Franklin’s) Caprimulgus affinis

ORDER:COLUMBIFORMES

Family:Columbidae

Rock pigeon (Blue Rock Pigeon) Columba livia
Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis
(Rufous Turtle Dove)
Laughing Dove (Little Brown) Streptopelia senegalensis
Spotted Dove Streptopelia chinensis
Red Collared Dove (Red Turtle) Streptopelia tranquebarica
Eurasian Collared Dove Streptopelia decaocto
(Indian Ring, Collared)
Yellow-footed Green Pigeon Treron phoenicoptera
(Yellow-legged Green or Bengal)

ORDER: GRUIFORMES

Family: Gruidae

Demoiselle Crane Grus virgo

Family: Rallidae

White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus

ORDER: CICONIIFORMES

Family: Pteroclidae

Chestnut-bellied Sandgrouse Pterocles exustus
(Indian Sandgrouse)
Painted Sandgrouse (Close-barred) Pterocles indicus

Family: Scolopacidae

Scolopacinae

Pintail Snipe Gallinago stenura
Common Snipe (Fantail Snipe) Gallinago gallinago

Tringinae

Common Redshank (Redshank) Tringa totanus
Common Greenshank(Greenshank) Tringa nebularia
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos

Family: Burhinidae

Eurasian Thick-knee Burhinus oedicnemus
(Stone-curlew, Stone-Plover)
Great Thick-knee Esacus recurvirostris
(Great Stone Plover)

Family: Charadriidae

Recurvirostrini

Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus

Charadriinae

Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
(Little Plover, Little Ring Plover)
Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malarbaricus
River Lapwing (Spur-winged) Vanellus duvaucelii
Grey-headed Lapwing Vanellus cinereus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus

Family: Glareolidae

Glareolinae

Small Pratincole Glareola lactea
(Little Pratincole)

Family: Accipitridae

Pandioninae

Osprey Pandion haliaetus

Accipitrinae

Oriental Honey-buzzard Pernis ptilorhyncus
(Honey Buzzard)
Black-shouldered Kite Elanus caeruleus
(Black-winged Kite)
Black Kite Milvus migrans
(Pariah Kite, Dark Kite, Black-eared Kite)
Brahminy Kite Haliastur indus
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus
(Small White, Scavenger)
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis
(Indian White-backed Vulture)
Indian Vulture Gyps indicus
(Indian Long-billed, Indian Griffon)
Red-headed Vulture Sarcogyps calvus
(King Vulture, Black Vulture)
Short-toed Snake Eagle Circaetus gallicus
(Short-toed Eagle)
Crested Serpent Eagle Spilornis cheela
Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus
(Pale Harrier)
Pied Harrier Circus melanoleucos
Crested Goshawk Accipiter trivirgatus
Shikra Accipiter badius
White-eyed Buzzard Butastur teesa
(White-eyed Buzzard Eagle)
Black Eagle Ictinaetus malayensis
Tawny Eagle Aquila rapax
(Eurasian Tawny Eagle)
Bonelli’s Eagle Hieraaetus fasciatus
(Bonelli’s Hawk Eagle)
Changeable Hawk Eagle Spizaetus cirrhatus
(Crested Hawk Eagle)

Family: Falconidae

Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni
Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus
(Kestrel, Eurasian Kestrel)
Red-necked Falcon Falco chicquera
(Red-headed Merlin, Red-headed Falcon)
Eurasian Hobby Falco subbuteo
(Hobby, Northern Hobby)
Laggar Falcon Falco jugger
Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus
(Red-capped Falcon, Barbary Falcon)

Family: Podicipedidae

Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis

Family: Ardeidae

Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Great Egret (Large Egret) Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
(Smaller Egret, Plumed Egret)
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
(Pond Heron)
Yellow Bittern Ixobrychus sinensis
Cinnamon Bittern (Chestnut Bittern) Ixobrychus cinnamomeus

Family: Ciconiidae

Black Stork Ciconia nigra
Woolly-necked Stork (White-necked) Ciconia episcopus

ORDER: PASSERIFORMES

Family: Pittidae

Indian Pitta Pitta brachyura

Family: Irenidae

Blue-winged Leafbird Chloropsis cochinchinensis
(Gold-mantled /Jerdon’s Chloropsis)

Family: Laniidae

Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus
Bay-backed Shrike Lanius vittatus
Long-tailed Shrike Lanius schach
(Rufous-backed Shrike)
Great Grey Shrike Lanius excubitor

Family: Corvidae

Corvini

Rufous Treepie (Indian Treepie) Dendrocitta vagabunda
House Crow Corvus splendens
Large-billed Crow Corvus macrorhynchos
(Jungle/Black Crow)

Artamini

Ashy Woodswallow Artamus fuscus
(Ashy Swallow-shrike)

Oriolini

Eurasian Golden Oriole Oriolus oriolus
(Golden Oriole)
Black-hooded Oriole (Black-headed) Oriolus xanthornus
Large Cuckooshrike Coracina macei
Black-headed Cuckooshrike Coracina melanoptera
Small Minivet(Little Minivet) Pericrocotus cinnamomeus
White-bellied Minivet Pericrocotus erythropygius
Scarlet Minivet Pericrocotus flammeus
(Orange Minivet)
Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike Hemipus picatus
(Pied Flycatcher-shrike)

Dicrurinae

Rhipidurini

White-throated Fantail Rhipidura albicollis
(White-throated Fantail Flycatcher)
White-browed Fantail (Flycatcher) Rhipidura aureola
(White-breasted Fantail Flycatcher )

Dicrurini

Black Drongo Dicrurus macrocercus
Ashy Drongo(Grey) Dicrurus leucophaeus
White-bellied Drongo Dicrurus caerulescens
(White-vented Drongo)
Greater Racket-tailed Drongo Dicrurus paradiseus
( Racket-tailed Drongo)

Monarchini

Black-naped Monarch Hypothymis azurea
(Black-naped Flycatcher, Azure Flycatcher)
Asian Paradise-flycatcher Terpsiphone paradisi
(Paradise-flycatcher)

Aegithininae

Common Iora (Iora) Aegithina tiphia

Malaconotinae

Common Woodshrike Tephrodornis pondicerianus
(Woodshrike, Lesser Wood-shrike)

Family: Muscicapidae

Turdinae

Blue Rock Thrush Monticola solitarius
Malabar Whistling Thrush Myophonus horsfieldii
White-throated Thrush Zoothera citrina cyanotus
(Orange-headed Ground Thrush)
Eurasian Blackbird Turdus merula nigropileus
(Blackbird, Common Blackbird)

Muscicapinae

Muscicapini

Rusty-tailed Flycatcher Muscicapa ruficauda
(Rufous-tailed Flycatcher)
Red-throated Flycatcher Ficedula parva
(Red-breasted Flycatcher)
Ultramarine Flycatcher Ficedula superciliaris
(White-browed Blue Flycatcher)
Verditer Flycatcher Eumyias thalassina
Tickell’s Blue Flycatcher Cyornis tickelliae
(Orange-breasted Blue Flycatcher)
Grey-headed Canary Flycatcher Culicicapa ceylonensis
(Grey-headed Flycatcher)

Saxicolini

Bluethroat Luscinia svecica
Oriental Magpie Robin Copsychus saularis
(Magpie Robin Dayal)
Indian Robin Saxicoloides fulicata
(Black Robin, Indian Chat)
Black Redstart Phoenicurus ochruros
Common Stonechat Saxicola torquata
(Collared Bushchat)
Pied Bushchat Saxicola caprata
(Pied Stone-chat)

Family: Sturnidae

Chestnut-tailed Starling Sturnus malabaricus
(Grey-headed Myna)
Brahminy Starling Sturnus pagodarum
(Black-headed /Brahminy Myna)
Rosy Starling Sturnus roseus
(Rosy Pastor, Rose-coloured Starling)
Asian Pied Starling Sturnus contra
(Pied Myna)
Common Myna (Mynah) Acridotheres tristis
Bank Myna Acridotheres ginginianus
Jungle Myna Acridotheres fuscus

Family: Sittidae

Sittinae

Chestnut-bellied Nuthatch Sitta castanea
Velvet-fronted Nuthatch Sitta frontalis
(Velvet-fronted Blue Nuthatch)

Family: Certhiidae

Salpornithini

Spotted Creeper (Grey) Salpornis spilonotus

Family: Paridae

Parinae

Great Tit (Grey Tit) Parus major
Black-lored Tit Parus xanthogenys
(Yellow-cheeked Tit)

Family: Hirundinidae

Eurasian Crag Martin Hirundo rupestris
(Crag Martin, Northern Crag Martin)
Dusky Crag Martin Hirundo concolor
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica
(Swallow, Common Swallow)
Wire-tailed Swallow Hirundo smithii
Red-rumped Swallow (Striated) Hirundo daurica
Streak-throated Swallow Hirundo fluvicola
(Indian Cliff Swallow)

Family: Pycnonotidae

Red-whiskered Bulbul Pycnonotus jocosus
Red-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus cafer
White-browed Bulbul Pycnonotus luteolus

Family: Cisticolidae

Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis
(Streaked Fantail Warbler)
Rufous-fronted Prinia Prinia buchanani
(Wren Warbler)
Grey-breasted Prinia Prinia hodgsonii
(Franklin’s Wren Warbler)
Jungle Prinia Prinia sylvatica
(Jungle Wren-Warbler, Large Prinia)
Ashy Prinia Prinia socialis
(Ashy Wren Warbler)
Plain Prinia Prinia inornata
(Plain Wren-Warbler, White-browed Prinia)

Family: Zosteropidae

Oriental White-eye Zosterops palpebrosus
(White-eye, Small White-eye)

Family: Sylviidae

Common Tailorbird (Tailorbird) Orthotomus sutorius
Tickell’s Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus affinis
(Tickell’s Warbler)
Golden-spectacled Warbler Seicercus burkii
(Black-browed Flycatcher Warbler)

Megalurinae

Striated Grassbird Megalurus palustris
(Striated Marsh Warbler, Striated Warbler )

Sylviinae

Timaliini

Puff-throated Babbler Pellorneum ruficeps
(Spotted Babbler)
White-browed Scimitar Babbler Pomatorhinus schisticeps
(Slaty-headed Scimitar Babbler)
Tawny-bellied Babbler Dumetia hyperythra
(Rufous-bellied Babbler)
Yellow-eyed Babbler Chrysomma sinense
Common Babbler Turdoides caudatus
Large Grey Babbler Turdoides malcolmi
Jungle Babbler Turdoides striatus

Sylviini

Eastern Orphean Warbler Sylvia hortensis

Family: Alaudidae

Indian Bushlark Mirafra erythroptera
(Red-winged Bushlark, Indian Lark)
Ashy-crowned Sparrow Lark Eremopterix grisea
(Ashy-crowned Finch Lark)
Rufous-tailed Lark Ammomanes phoenicurus
(Rufous-tailed Finch Lark)
Sand Lark Calandrella raytal
(Indian Short-toed Lark, Indian Sandlark)
Sykes’s Lark Galerida deva
(Syke’s Crested Lark, Tawny Lark)
Oriental Skylark Alauda gulgula
(Eastern Skylark, Oriental Lark)

Family: Nectariniidae

Nectariniinae

Dicaeini

Thick-billed Flowerpecker Dicaeum agile
Pale-billed Flowerpecker Dicaeum erythrorynchos
(Tickell’s / Small Flowerpecker)

Nectariniini

Purple-rumped Sunbird Nectarinia zeylonica
Purple Sunbird Nectarinia asiatica
Loten’s Sunbird Nectarinia lotenia
(Long-billed Sunbird)

Family:Passeridae

Passerinae

House Sparrow Passer domesticus
Chestnut-shouldered Petronia Petronia xanthocollis
(Yellow-throated Sparrow)

Motacillinae

White Wagtail (Pied Wagtail) Motacilla alba personata
White Wagtail (Pied Wagtail) Motacilla alba dukhunensis
White-browed Wagtail Motacilla maderaspatensis
(Large Pied Wagtail)
Citrine Wagtail Motacilla citreola
(Yellow-headed/hooded Wagtail)
Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea
Paddyfield Pipit Anthus rufulus
(Indian Pipit)
Olive-backed Pipit Anthus hodgsoni
(Indian Tree Pipit, Olive Tree Pipit)

Ploceinae

Streaked Weaver Ploceus manyar
(Streaked Weaver/Striated Weaver)
Baya Weaver (Baya) Ploceus philippinus

Estrildinae

Red Avadavat (Red Munia) Amandava amandava
Green Avadavat (Green Munia) Amandava formosa
White-rumped Munia Lonchura striata
(White-backed Munia, Striated Munia)
Scaly-breasted Munia Lonchura punctulata
(Spotted Munia, Nutmeg Mannikin)

Family: Fringillidae

Carduelini

Common Rosefinch Carpodacus erythrinus

Emberizinae

Grey-necked Bunting Emberiza buchanani
Black-headed Bunting Emberiza melanocephala
Red-headed Bunting Emberiza bruniceps

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