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Home >> Checklists >> Haryana >>West Yamuna Canal

West Yamuna Canal

Checklist of Birds of the Western Yamuna Canal - Suresh C. Sharma - September 2001


I have been studying birds along the Western Yamuna Canal and its other branches/sub-branches and also various Canal Rest Houses built during British period along the canals. During this course, I have travelled the entire Canal upto Tajewala Head-works from which it originates. Western Yamuna Canal and its system including - Sirsa Branch, Hansi Branch, Sundar Branch, Butana Branch, J.N.L. Feeder, Bhalaut Branch, Delhi Branch, Pai Branch irrigate the entire state with hundreds of major and minor irrigation channels. Though I do not have exact data, but my guess is these all spread over thousands of kilometers.In fact, two bird sanctuaries namely Bhindawas Lake and nearby Khaparhwas Lake have come into existence due to JNL Feeder and Bhalaut branch.

These canals and their branches have created long stretches of marshy patches all along their banks, attracting birds in large number. These also serve breeding grounds for many a species. High banks on both sides, with at least one side motorable dirt track, offer vast stretch of cultivation and marshy patches all along, showing birds and birds.

Villagers, particularly, poor and weaker sections depend upon these trees to collect dead and fallen branches for fuelwood. Cattle grazes along the banks and grass is regularly collected as fodder for the cattle. Tall grasses including reeds are also collected by villagers for making thatches roofs in the villages.

Many species of medicinal weeds grow on these banks and marshy patches.


In fact the entire stretch of the canals is an excellent birdscape with rows of trees of various species, bushes, seepage marshy patches with reeds and water vegetation (very rich floral diversity), culverts, bridges, irrigation canal rest houses constructed in prime natural surroundings, mud-flats.

There is not a single city or major town in Haryana where one cannot reach the canal side with birds all around. Even villages are connected with irrigation channels. An experienced birdwatcher on an average can see a minimum of 60 species of birds in two hour birding in every season.

Frequency Codes

Very Common : a bird is considered to be very common when it is recorded on all visits of at least two hours duration, i.e., 100% surety of being recorded.

Common : a bird is considered to be common when it is recorded on half of the visits of at least two hours duration, i.e., 50% surety of being recorded.

Scarce: a bird is considered to be common when it is recorded on one-fourth of the visits of at least two hours duration, i.e., 25% surety of being recorded.

Rare: a bird is considered to be rare when it is not likely to be recorded or may be recorded on less than one tenth of the visits of two hours duration, i.e., 10% surety.

Status Codes
Resident : at least some individuals may be seen in any month and the species probably breeds along the canal.

Winter migrant : when the bird is seen during winter months, usually September/October to February/March with peak season from December to January.

Summer migrant : when the bird is seen during summer and monsoon months, usually from March/April to August/September.

Passage migrant : when the bird is seen during September/October and March/April.

Breeding : Those birds which have been recorded breeding along the canal or 100 meters on both sides have also been termed as breeding.


1. Black Francolin (Francolinus francolinus). Common. Breeding resident. Haryana's state bird

2. Grey Francolin (Francolinus pondicerianus). Very common. Breeding resident.

3. Common Quail (Coturnix coturnix). Winter. Scarce.

4. Rain Quail (Coturnix coromandelica). Status unknown. Seen during summer/monsoon. Rare.

5. Barred Buttonquail (Turnix suscitator). Scarce. Breeding resident.

6. Indian Peafowl (Pavo cristatus). Very common. Breeding resident.

7. Greylag Goose (Anser anser). Winter. Scarce.

8. Bar-headed Goose (Anser indicus). Winter. Common.

9. Lesser Whistling-Duck (Dendrocygna javanica). Common breeder in summer/monsoon. Uncommon in winter.

10. Ruddy Shelduck (Tadrona ferruginea). Winter. Scarce.

11. Common Shelduck (Tadrona tadorna). Winter. Rare.

12. Comb Duck (Sarkidiornis melanotos). Common breeder in summer/monsoon. Uncommon in winter.

13. Cotton Pygmy-Goose (Nettapus coromandelianus). Common in summer/monsoon. Uncommon in winter.

14. Gadwall (Anas strepera). Winter. Common.

15. Eurasian Wigeon (Anas penelope). Winter. Common.

16. Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos) . Winter. Scarce.

17. Spot-billed Duck (Anas poecilorhyncha). Very common. Breeding resident.

18. Common Teal (Anas crecca). Winter. Common.

19. Garganey (Anas querquedula) Passage migrant. Scarce.

20. Northern Pintail (Anas acuta). Winter. Very common.

21. Northern Shoveler (Anas clypeata) . Winter. Very common.

22. Red-crested Pochard (Rhodonessa rufina). Winter. Rare.

23. Common Pochard (Aythya ferina). Winter. Common.

24. Ferruginous Pochard (Aytha nyroca). Winter. Scarce.

25. Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula). Winter. Scarce.

26. Yellow-crowned Woodpecker (Dendrocopos mahrattensis). Common breeding resident.

27. Black-rumped Flameback (Dinopium benghalense). Common breeding resident.

28. Brown-headed Barbet (Megalaima zeylanica). Common breeding resident. Canal Rest Houses.

29. Coppersmith Barbet(Megalaima haemacephala). Very common breeding resident.

30. Indian Grey Hornbill (Ocyceros birostris). Scarce breeding resident. Canal Rest Houses.

31. Common Hoopoe (Upopa epops). Very common. Breeding resident.

32. Indian Roller (Coracias benghalensis). Common breeding resident.

33. Common Kingfisher (Alcedo atthis). Scarce. Resident.

34. White-throated Kingfisher (Halcyon smyrnensis). Very common breeding resident.

35. Crested Kingfisher (Megaceryle lugubris). Rare near Tajewala Head-works.

36. Pied Kingfisher (Ceryle rudis). Common breeding resident.

37. Green Bee-eater (Merops orientalis). Very common breeding resident. Rare in winter.

38. Blue-cheeked Bee-eater (Merops persicus). Common. Summer/monsoon breeder.

39. Blue-tailed Bee-eater (Merops philippinus). Common. Summer/monsoon breeder.

40. Pied Cuckoo (Clamator jacobinus). Scarce. Summer/monsoon nest parasitic.

41. Common Hawk Cuckoo (Hierococcyx varius ). Scarce. Summer/monsoon nest parasitic.

42. Grey-bellied Cuckoo (Cacomantis merulinus). Scarce. Summer/monsoon nest parasitic.

43. Asian Koel (Eudynamys scolopacea). Very common. Summer/monsoon nest parasitic.

44. Greater Coucal (Centropus sinensis). Very common breeding resident.

45. Alexandrine Parakeet ( Psittacula eupatria). Common near Canal Rest Houses. Elsewhere scarce.

46. Rose-ringed Parakeet (Psittacula krameri). Very common breeding resident.

47. Plum-headed Parakeet (Psittacula cyanocephala) . Scarce breeding resident.

48. House Swift (Apus affinis). Very common. Locally resident.

49. Eurasian Eagle Owl (Bubo bubo). Rare breeding resident.

50. Spotted Owlet (Athene brama) Common breeding resident.

51. Short-eared Owl (Asio flammeus) Winter. Scarce.

52. Savanna Nightjar (Caprimulgus affinis). Status unknown. Rare. Probably overlooked.

53. Rock Pigeon (Columbia livia). Very common breeding resident.

54. Oriental Turtle Dove(Streptopelia orientalis). Winter. Rare.

55. Laughing Dove (Streptopelia senegalensis). Very common breeding resident.

56. Spotted Dove (Streptopelia cheninsis). Very common near the Canal Rest Houses. Elsewhere rare. Breeding

57. Red Collared Dove (Streptopelia tanquebarica). Common breeding resident.

58. Eurasian Collared Dove (Streptopelia decaocto). Very common breeding resident.

59. Yellow-footed Green Pigeon (Treron phoenicoptera). Scarce breeding resident. Common near Canal Rest Houses.

60. Sarus Crane (Grus antigone). Scarce breeding resident. In marshy patches, common.

61. Common Crane (Grus grus). Winter. Scarce.

62. Brown Crake (Amaurornis akool). In a few patches, scarce breeding resident. Elsewhere, rare.

63. White-breasted Waterhen (Amaurornis phoenicurus). Very common breeding resident.

64. Baillon's Crake (Porzana pusilla). Passage migrant, rare.

65. Ruddy-breasted Crake (Porzana fusca). Summer/monsoon. Rare. Probably breeds. More sightings arequired.

66. Purple Swamphen (Porphyrio porphyrio). Very common breeding resident.

67. Common Moorhen (Gallinula cloropus). Very common breeding resident.

68. Common Coot (Fulica atra). Common in winter. Otherwise, scarce resident.

69. Common Snipe(Gallinago gallinago). Winter. Scarce.

70. Black-tailed Godwit (Limosa limosa). Winter. Common. Small parties seen throughout the year.

71. Eurasian Curlew (Numenius arquata). Winter. Rare.

72. Spotted Redshank (Tringa erythropus). Winter. Very common.

73. Common Redshank (Tringa totanus). Winter. Very common.

74. Marsh Sandpiper (Tringa stagnatilis). Winter. Very common.

75. Common Greenshank (Tringa nebularia). Winter. Very common.

76. Green Sandpiper (Tringa ochropus). Winter. Very common.

77. Wood Sandpiper (Tringa glareola) . Winter. Very common.

78. Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos) . Winter. Very common.

79. Little Stint (Calidris minuta). Winter/Passage migrant. Very common.

80. Temminck's Stint (Calidris temminckii). Scarce in winter. Common during passage migration..

81. Curlew Sandpiper (Calidris ferruginea). Winter. Rare.

82. Ruff (Philomachus pugnax) . Winter. Very common.

83. Greater Painted-Snipe(Rostratula benghalensis). Scarce summer/monsoon breeder. Not seen in winter.

84. Eurasian Thick-knee (Burhinus oedicnemus). Common. Resident breeder.

85. Black-winged Stilt (Himantopus himantopus). Very common breeding resident.

86. Pied Avocet (Recurvirostra avosetta). Scarce. Seen throughout the year.

87. Pheasant-tailed Jacana (Hydrophasianus chirurgus). Very common summer/monsoon breeder. Rare in winter.

88. Oriental Pratincole (Glareola maldivarum). Scarce breeding resident.

89. Small Pratincole (Glareola lactea). Scarce breeding resident.

90. Common Ringed Plover (Charadrius hiaticula). Winter. Scarce.

91. Little Ringed Plover (Charadrius dubius) . Common in winter. Rare otherwise.

92. Kentish Plover (Charadrius alexandrinus). Scarce. Winter.

93. Northern Lapwing (Vanellus vanellus). Scarce . Winter.

94. Red-wattled Lapwing (Vanellus indicus) . Very common breeding resident.

95. White-tailed Lapwing (Vanellus leucurus). Very common. Winter.

96. Pallas's Gull (Larus ichthyaetus). Rare. Winter.

97. Brown-headed Gull (Larus brunnicephalus). Scarce. Winter.

98. Black-headed Gull (Larus ridibundus). Scarce. Winter.

99. Gull-billed Tern (Gelochelidon nilotica). Status unknown. Seen in summer. Scarce.

100. River Tern (Sterna aurantia). Very common. Resident.

101. Black-bellied Tern (Sterna acuticauda). Rare. Resident.

102. Whiskered Tern (Childonias hybrida). Scarce. Resident.

103. Osprey (Pandion haliaetus). Rare. Winter.

104. Black-shouldered Kite(Elanus caerulus). Common. Resident.

105. Black Kite (Milvus migrans). Common. Resident.

106. Brahminy Kite (Haliastur indus). Rare. Resident?

107. Egyptian Vulture (Neophron percnopterus). Very common. Breeding resident.

108. White-rumped Vulture(Gyps benghalensis). Rare. No more breeds.

109. Long-billed Vulture (Gyps indicus). Rare. No more breeds.

110. Red-headed Vulture(Sarcogyps calvus). Rare. Breeding not seen.

111. Crested Serpent Eagle (Spilornis cheela). Scarce. All records during winter.

112. Eurasian Marsh Harrier (Circus aeruginosus). Very common. Winter.

113. Pallid Harrier (Circus macrourus). Rare. Winter.

114. Montagu's Harrier (Circus pygarus). Rare. Winter.

115. Shikra (Accipiter badius). Very common breeding resident.

116. Besra (Accipiter virgatus). Rare. Status unknown. Overlooked.

117. Eurasian Sparrowhawk ( Accipiter nisus). Rare. Status unknown. Overlooked.

118. Oriental Honey-Buzzard (Pernis ptilorynchus). Common. Resident.

119. White-eyed Buzzard (Butastur teesa). Rare. Resident.

120. Long-legged Buzzard (Buteo rufinus). Rare. Winter.

121. Lesser Spotted Eagle (Aquila pomarina). Rare. Status unknown.

122. Greater Spotted Eagle (Aquila clanga). Scarce. Winter.

123. Tawny Eagle (Aquila rapax). Rare. Resident.

124. Steppe Eagle (Aquila nipalensis). Rare. Winter.

125. Imperial Eagle ( Aquila heliaca). Rare. Winter.

126. Bonelli's Eagle (Hieraaetus fasciatus). Scarce. Resident?

127. Booted Eagle (Hieraaetus pennatus). Scarce. Winter.

128. Lesser Kestrel (Falco naumanni). Scarce. Winter.

129. Common Kestrel (Falco tinnunculus). Scarce. Winter.

130. Red-necked Falcon (Falco chicquera). Rare. Resident.

131. Merlin (Falco columbarius). Rare. Winter. Overlooked.

132. Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus). Rare. Winter. Overlooked.

133. Little Grebe (Tachybaptus ruficollis). Very common breeding resident.

134. (Black-throated Loon (Gavia arctica) A single record from Ambala/Yamunanagar 80 year ago)

135. Darter (Anhinga melanogaster). Scarce. Breeding resident.

136. Little Cormorant (Phalacrocorax niger). Very common breeding resident.

137. Indian Cormorant (Phalacrocorax fuscicollis). Common breeding resident.

138. Great Cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo). Common breeding resident.

139. Little Egret (Egretta garzetta). Very common breeding resident.

140. Great Egret (Casmerodius albus). Very common breeding resident.

141. Intermediate Egret (Mesophoyx intermedia). Very common breeding resident.

142. Cattle Egret (Bubulcus ibis). Very common breeding resident.

143. Indian Pond Heron (Ardeola grayii). Very common breeding resident.

144. Grey Heron (Ardea cinerea). Very common breeding resident.

145. Purple Heron (Ardea purpurea). Vdry common breeding resident.

146. Little Heron (Butorides striatus). Rare. Breeding resident.

147. Black-Crowned Night Heron (Nycticorax nycticorax). Common breeding resident.

148. Little Bittern (Ixobrychus minutus). One summer record from Delhi Branch near Badli around 1987.

149. Yellow Bittern (Ixobrychus sinensis). Common summer/monsoon breeder.

150. Cinnamon Bittern (Ixobrychus cinnamoneus ). Common summer/monsoon breeder.

151. Black Bittern (Dupetor flavicollis). Rare summer/monsoon breeder?

152. Greater Flamingo (Phoenicopterus ruber). Rare. Winter.

153. Glossy Ibis (Plegadisfalcinellus). Scarce. Status unknown? No breeding recorded.

154. Black-headed Ibis (Threskiornis melanocephalus). Common breeding resident.

155. Black Ibis (Pseudibis papillosa). Common breeding resident.

156. Eurasian Spoonbill (Platalea leucorodia). Rare. Resident.

157. Great White Pelican (Pelecanus onocrotalus). Scarce. Winter.

158. Painted Stork (Mycteria leucocephala). Common. Breeding resident. Breeding colony on a peepal tree near Bajana village (Sonipat) being observed for the last 70 years.

159. Asian Openbill (Anastomus oscitans). Common. Resident.

160. Woolly-necked Stork (Ciconia episcopus). Common. Breeding resident.

161. Black-necked Stork (Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus). Scarce. Breeding resident.

162. Rufous-tailed Shrike (Lanius isabellinus). Common. Breeding resident.

163. Bay-backed Shrike (Lanius vittatus). Common. Breeding resident.

164. Long-tailed Shrike (Lanius schach). Common. Breeding resident.

165. Southern Grey Shrike(Lanius meridionalis). Rare. Breeding resident.

166. Rufous Treepie(Dendrocitta vagabunda). Common. Breeding resident.

167. House Crow (Corvus splendens). Very common. Breeding resident.

168. Large-billed Crow (Corvus macrorhynchos). Common breeding resident.

169. Eurasian Golden Oriole (Oriolus oriolus). Common summer/monsoon breeder.

170. Small Minivet (Pericrocotus cinnamomeus). Common. Resident.

171. White-bellied Minivet ( Pericrocotus erythropygius). Rare. Status unknown.

172. Long-tailed Minivet (Pericrocotus brevirostris). Scarce. Winter.

173. White-browed Fantail (Rhipidura aureola). Scarce in summer. Rare in winter.

174. Black Drongo (Dicrurus macrocercus). Very common breeding resident.

175. Ashy Drongo (Dicrurus leucophaeus). Scarce passage migrant/winter.

176. White-bellied Drongo (Dicrurus caerulescens). Rare. Possible resident.

177. Asian Paradise-Flycatcher (Terpsiphone paradisi). Scarce. Only summer/monsoon records.

178. Common Woodshrike (Tephrodornis pondicerianus). Very common breeding resident.

179. Blue RockThrush (Monticola solitarius). Rare. Winter.

180. Red-throated Flycatcher (Ficedula parva). Common. Winter.

181. Grey-headed Canary Flycatcher (Culicicapa ceylonensis). Scarce. Winter.

182. Bluethroat (Luscinia svecica). Common. Winter.

183. Oriental Magpie Robin (Copsychus saularis). Common. Breeding resident.

184. Indian Robin (Saxicoloides fulicataI). Very common breeding resident.

185. Black Redstart (Phoenicurus ochruros). Common. Winter.

186. Common Stonechat (Saxicola torquata) . Scarce. Winter.

187. White-tailed Stonechat (Saxicola leucura). Rare. Probably resident.

188. Pied Bushchat (Saxicola caprata). Very common breeding resident.

189. Brown Rock-chat (Cercomela fusca). Common breeding resident, near concrete structures.

190. Brahminy Starling (Sturnus sturninus). Common breeding resident.

191. Rosy Starling (Sturnus roseus). Passage migrant. Scarce.

192. Common Starling (Sturnus vulgaris). Common. Winter.

193. Asian Pied Starling (Sturnus contra). Very common breeding resident.

194. Common Myna (Acridotheres tristis) . Very common breeding resident.

195. Bank Myna (Acridotheres ginginianus) . Very common breeding resident.

196. Great Tit (Parus major). Scarce. Resident. Only in well-wooded patches.

197. Sand Martin (Riparia riparia). Scarce. Winter.

198. Plain Martin (Riparia paludicola). Very common breeding resident.

199. Dusky Crag Martin (Hirundo concolor). Scarce. Resident. Near Canal Rest Houses.

200. Barn Swallow (Hirundo rustica). Common. Resident.

201. Wire-tailed Swallow (Hirundo smithii). Common. Breeding resident.

202. Red-rumped Swallow (Hirundo daurica). Scarce. Resident?

203. Streak-throated Swallow (Hirundo fluvicola). Very common breeding resident.

204. Red-whiskered Bulbul (Pycnonotus jacosus). Scarce breeding resident.

205. White-eared Bulbul (Pycnonotus leucotis). Scarce breeding resident in some patches.

206. Red-vented Bulbul (Pycnonotus cafer). Very common breeding resident.

207. Rufous-fronted Prinia (Prinia buchanani). Scarce breeding resident.

208. Grey-breasted Prinia (Prinia hodgsonii). Scarce breeding resident.

209. Yellow-bellied Prinia (Prinia flaviventris). Common breeding resident.

210. Graceful Prinia (Prinia gracilis) . Very common breeding resident.

211. Plain Prinia (Prinia inornata) . Common breeding resident.

212. Ashy Prinia (Prinia socialis) . Very common breeding resident.

213. Zitting Cisticola (Cisticola juncidis). Very common breeding resident.

214. Oriental White-eye (Zosterops palpebrosa). Very common breeding resident.

215. Moustached Warbler (Acrocephalus melanopogon). Rare winter or passage migrant. Overlooked.

216. Paddyfield Warbler (Acrocephalus agricola). Scarce passage migrant. Overlooked.

217. Blyth's Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus dumetorum). Scarce passage migrant. Overlooked.

Clamorous Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus stentoreus). Scarce breeding resident. Common in winter.

219. Booted Warbler (Hippolais caligata). Rare passage migrant.

220. Lesser Whitethroat (Sylvia curruca). Common. Winter.

221. Orphean Warbler (Sylvia( hortensis) crassirostris). Scarce. Winter.

222. Common Tailorbird (Orthotomus sutorius) . Very common breeding resident.

223. Common Chiffchaff (Phylloscopus colybita tristis) . Common. Winter.

224. Sulphur-bellied Warbler (Phylloscopus griseolus). Scarce passage migrant.

225. Hume's Warbler ( Phylloscopus humei) . Common. Winter.

226. Greenish Warbler (Phylloscopus trochiloides). Common. Winter.

227. Western Crowned Warbler ( Phylloscopus occipitalis) . Rare passage migrant. Overlooked.

228. Yellow-eyed Babbler (Chrysomma sinense) . Patchily common breeding resident.

229. Common Babbler (Turdoides caudatus) . Common breeding resident.

230. Striated Babbler (Turdoides earlei) Very common breeding resident.

231. Large Grey Babbler (Turdoides malcolmi) . Very common breeding resident.

232. Jungle Babbler (Turdoides striatus) . Very common breeding resident.

233. Indian Bushlark (Mirafra erythroptera) . Scarce breeding resident.

234. Bengal Bushlark (Mirafra assamica). Scarce breeding resident.

235. Ashy-crowned Sparrow Lark (Eremopterix grisea) . Scarce breeding resident.

236. Crested Lark (Galerida cristata) . Very common breeding resident.

237. Oriental Skylark (Alauda gulgula). Common breeding resident.

238. Purple Sunbird (Nectarinia asiatica) . Very common breeding resident.

239. House Sparrow (Passer domesticus) . Very common breeding resident.

240. Spanish Sparrow (Passer hispaniolensis) . Scarce. Winter.

241. Sind Sparrow (Passer pyrrhonotus) . Colonising canal-belt throughout Haryana, though scarce breeding resident.

242. White Wagtail (Motacilla alba alboides). Common. Winter.

243. White Wagtail (Motacilla alba personata). Common. Winter.

244. White Wagtail (Motacilla alba dukhunensis). Common. Winter.

245. White-browed Wagtail (Motacilla maderaspatensis) . Very common breeding resident.

246. Citrine Wagtail (Motacilla citreola calcarata). Common. Winter.

247. Citrine Wagtail (Motacilla citreola citreola). Common Winter.

248. Yellow Wagtail (Motacilla flava beema). Common. Winter.

249. Yellow Wagtail (Motacilla flava lutea). Common. Winter.

250. Yellow Wagtail (Motacilla flava melanogrisea). Common. Winter.

251. Yellow Wagtail (Motacilla flava plexa). Common. Winter.

252. Yellow Wagtail (Motacilla flava thunbergi). Common. Winter.

253. Grey Wagtail (Motacilla cinerea) . Scarce. Winter.

254. Paddyfield Pipit (Anthus rufulus) . Very common breeding resident.

255. Tawny Pipit (Anthus campestris) . Common. Winter.

256. Long-billed Pipit (Anthus similis) . Scarce. Winter.

257. Tree Pipit (Anthus trivialis) . Common. Winter.

258. Olive-backed Pipit (Anthus hodgsoni) . Very common. Winter.

259. Black-breasted Weaver (Ploceus benghalensis) . Common breeding resident. Scarce in winter.

260. Streaked Weaver (Ploceus manyar) . Common breeding resident. Scarce in winter.

Baya Weaver (Ploceus philippinus) . Common breeding resident. Scarce in winter.

262. Red Avadavat (Amandava amandava) . Common breeding resident.

263. Indian Silverbill (Lonchura malabarica) . Scarce breeding resident.

264. Black-headed Munia (Lonchura malacca malacca). Scarce breeding resident.

265. Scaly-breasted Munia (Lonchura punctulata) . Scarce breeding resident.

266. Common Rosefinch (Carpodacus erythrinus). Rare. Winter/Passage Migrant.

267. Crested Bunting (Melophus lathami). Rare. Passage migrant.

268. White-capped Bunting (Emberiza stewarti). Rare. Passage migrant.

269. House Bunting (Emberiza striolata) . Status unknown. Probably rare winter.


1. Birds of India and Pakistan, 2nd Edition by Salim Ali and S. Dillon Ripley
2. A Guide to the Birds of the Delhi Area by Usha Ganguli
3. Birds of the Indian Subcontinent by Richard Grimmett, Carol Inskipp, Tim Inskipp
4. A Field Guide to the Birds of India….by Krys Kazmierczak


I am grateful to many birdwatchers who have accompanied me in my regular birding along the Western Yamuna Canal and its entire system. A.J. Urfi, Raj K. Bhutani, Vincent Van Ross, Bill Harvey, Anil Bhola deserve special mention.

Special thanks to Nikhil Devasar for urging me to prepare this checklist and putting it on the web.

I am also grateful to R.D. Jakati, Chief Wildlife Warden of Haryana, Madhu Sareen and Ashish Kothari for including this checklist in the NBSAP of the state.

Suresh C. Sharma,
Gokul Nagar, Rohtak Road,
Sonipat 131001 (Haryana)

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